Life on Land

Farmers’ drought experience, risk perceptions, and behavioural intentions for adaptation: evidence from Ethiopia

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 16 September 2020
EfD Authors:

This paper examines farmers’ cognitive perceptions of risk and the behavioral intentions to implement specific drought risk reduction measures using the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) model. We follow an innovative route by extending a PMT model with a drought experience variable, which, we hypothesize, will influence risk perceptions and the take-up of adaptation measures. In order to do so, we investigated detailed historical drought patterns by looking at the spatial and temporal aspects of drought conditions during crop growing season at the village level.

Agriculture, Climate Change, Land

An Economic Valuation and Mapping of Pollination Services in Ethiopia

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 1 September 2020
EfD Authors:

An increasing degree of attention is being given to pollination ecosystem service. It has become a commonly mentioned example of how ecosystem services are economically valuable due to its linkage to the world food production. A notable bio-economic approach is applied to estimate the economic value of pollination and the production value loss attributable due to a decline in pollinator using the Ethiopian Annual Agricultural Sample Surveys (AgSS) data for the period 2003–2013.

Agriculture, Biodiversity, Land

Games as boundary objects: charting trade-offs in sustainable livestock transformation

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 1 September 2020
EfD Authors:

Attempts to structurally transform segments of the agri-food system inevitably involve trade-offs between the priorities of actors with different incentives, perspectives and values. Trade-offs are context-specific, reflecting different socio-economic and political realities. We investigate the potential of structured boundary objects to facilitate exposing and reconciling these trade-offs within the context of multi- stakeholder social learning processes with pastoral and mixed crop-livestock communities in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

Agriculture, Land

Valuing Water Purification Services of Forests: A Production Function Approach using Panel Data from China’s Sichuan Province 20-29

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 31 August 2020
EfD Authors:

The water purification functions of forests represent one of the most frequently invoked examples of non-market ecosystem services that are economically valuable. Yet, there has been a paucity of statistical estimates that robustly quantify such benefits. This study enriches this thin evidence base through valuing forests’ water purification services in the form of the ensuing cost savings of municipal drinking water treatment, using a rich panel dataset from China’s Sichuan province.

Forestry, Water

Uncertain Monsoon, Irrigation and Crop Yields:Implications for Pricing of Insurance Products 20-28

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 28 August 2020
EfD Authors:

A significant body of literature interested in studying the impact of weatherrisks on agricultural performance has modeled crop yields as a function of either levels or deviations in seasonal rainfall. However, an aspect that has received little attention in the literature relates to the impact of timing of the arrival of the monsoon on agricultural performance. In this paper, using a pan-India district-level panel dataset for a period of 50 years, we investigate three interrelated issues that are critical for managing the weather-induced agricultural risks.

Agriculture

The impact of rural electrification and institutional quality on agricultural output : a case of Sub-Saharan Africa

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 13 August 2020
EfD Authors:

Agriculture is the means of livelihood for most rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. In order for small-scale farmers to meet the basic needs of their families and semi-large-scale farming for trading purposes, rural farmers seek to expand their output. To this end, the kind of input employed in the crop production process is very important. In terms of labour, most rural farmers employ their children or other family members and or members of the community where they use traditional farming tools. The use of energy and for that matter, electricity is very little.

Agriculture, Energy

Does mangrove plantation reduce coastal erosion? Assessment from the west coast of India

Submitted by Vidisha Chowdhury on 7 August 2020
EfD Authors:

Mangroves are believed to stabilize the coastlines by controlling erosion and facilitating sediment deposition. Coastal managers often plant mangroves to counter coastal erosion. The state of Gujarat in West India has planted thousands of hectares of mangroves over the years, and control of coastal erosion has been one of the prime reasons of plantation. This study performed a statistical assessment of the effect of the planted mangroves on the coastline changes in the state from 1990 to 2013.

Biodiversity, Forestry

Capturing Lessons for Sustainable Tourism Planning and Research: A Systematic Literature Review

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 21 July 2020
EfD Authors:

Although sustainable tourism represents a positive approach for community development, its practical implementation is challenging. Given that there is no one institutional recipe that fits all cases, it is necessary to cumulate knowledge from lessons from isolated cases where a combination of institutional arrangements and context-specific characteristics showed to be - or not - successful for tourism management.

Conservation

Devolution and Collective Action in Forest Management: The Case of China 20-21

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 29 June 2020

Since 2003, China has implemented a large-scale forest devolution reform by giving villages the right to devolve tenure rights of collectively owned forests to households. Some villages chose no reform, and the forest continued to be owned and controlled by the village committee. In other villages, the reform was adopted and forests became owned and managed by individual households. In a third group, the reform was adopted and forests became household owned but are managed jointly.

Forestry