Conservation

Building the evidence base for REDD+: Study design and methods for evaluating the impacts of conservation interventions on local well-being

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 29 June 2020

Climate change mitigation in developing countries is increasingly expected to generate co-benefits that help meet sustainable development goals. This has been an expectation and a hotly contested issue in REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) since its inception.

Conservation, Forestry

Looking for medium-term conservation and development impacts of community management agreements in Uganda’s Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 29 June 2020

We evaluate the impact of collaborative management agreements (CMAs) designed to protect forests and raise incomes for smallholders living adjacent to Rwenzori Mountains National Park (RMNP), Uganda. We use a quasi-experimental study design to estimate changes in several income measures, as well as land cover using three waves (2003, 2007, and 2012) of household survey and remote sensing data. Overall, we find no significant impact of CMAs on any of our income measures.

Conservation

Causal inference in environmental conservation: The role of institutions

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020
EfD Authors:

Handbook in Environmental Economics, Volume 4, the latest in this ongoing series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting timely chapters on Modeling Ecosystems and Economic Systems, Framing Sustainability Policy Questions: Who Leads – Ecology or Economics?, Valuing Natural Capital Within an Integrated Economic Ecological, Developing Economies, Urbanization, Climate Change and Health, Viewing Environmental Policy Instruments for Domestic and International Perspective, Quasi experimental Estimation of Environmental Policies, Environment Macro, The Rules

Conservation

Strengthen causal models for better conservation outcomes for human well-being

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020
EfD Authors:

Understanding how the conservation of nature can lead to improvement in human conditions is a research area with significant growth and attention. Progress towards effective conservation requires understanding mechanisms for achieving impact within complex social-ecological systems. Causal models are useful tools for defining plausible pathways from conservation actions to impacts on nature and people.

Conservation

The impact of paying for forest conservation on perceived tenure security in Ecuador

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020
EfD Authors:

We study the impact of Ecuador’s national forest conservation incentives program on reported land conflicts. Data come from a survey of >900 households located within 49 indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian communities holding communal conservation contracts. We use quasi-experimental methods to test for relationships between program participation and changes in land conflicts. Respondents reported that the program reduced land conflicts when households resided in communities with de facto communal tenure arrangements (vs. de facto semiprivate arrangements).

Conservation, Land

The impact of paying for forest conservation on perceived tenure security in Ecuador

Submitted by César Salazar on 9 June 2020

We study the impact of Ecuador's national forest conservation incentives program on reported land conflicts. Data come from a survey of >900 households located within 49 indigenous and Afro‐Ecuadorian communities holding communal conservation contracts. We use quasi‐experimental methods to test for relationships between program participation and changes in land conflicts. Respondents reported that the program reduced land conflicts when households resided in communities with de facto communal tenure arrangements (vs. de facto semiprivate arrangements).

Conservation, Forestry, Land, Policy Design