Climate action

Funding Inclusive Green Transition through Greenhouse Gas Pricing

Submitted by Elin Lokrantz on 4 May 2020

2015 was a special year. During a few months the political
stars aligned and made it possible for the international
community to agree on the Agenda 2030
for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement
to limit global warming. Now the signatories need to
find ways to implement these agreements, which not
only imply a deep decarbonization of the economy but
must also meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
In this article we discuss the importance of pricing
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions2 to make this happen.

Carbon Pricing, Climate Change, Policy Design

Can climate information salvage livelihoods in arid and semiarid lands? An evaluation of access, use and impact in Namibia 20-09

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 29 June 2020

Climate forecasting is a crucial tool for managing risks in climate- sensitive economic sectors like agriculture. Although rainfed farming dominates livelihoods in Africa, information on access, use and impact of improved seasonal climate forecasting remains scanty. This paper addresses this gap using representative data from Northern Namibia. The study employed propensity score matching, with a sensitivity analysis for hidden bias, to evaluate the impact of

Climate Change, Policy Design

Smallholder responses to climate anomalies in rural Uganda

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 29 June 2020
EfD Authors:

Recent research suggests that sub-Saharan Africa will be among the regions most affected by the negative social and biophysical ramifications of climate change. Smallholders are expected to respond to rising temperatures and precipitation anomalies through on-farm management strategies and diversification into off-farm activities. However, few studies have empirically examined the relationship between climate anomalies and rural livelihoods.

Climate Change

The Economics of REDD through an Incidence of Burdens and Benefits Lens

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020

Forests in lower-income countries provide a global public good, carbon sequestration. REDD, "reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation" is a performance-based payment designed to align private incentives at the country level with the socially optimal level of forest loss. This review article focuses on the distributional implications of REDD, specifically on whom the burdens and benefits fall. First, REDD implementation has proven more difficult and costly than originally anticipated.

Carbon Pricing, Climate Change, Forestry

The effect of FDI on environmental emissions: Evidence from meta-analysis

Submitted by Vicentia Quartey on 16 June 2020
EfD Authors:

A frequently-raised issue about foreign direct investment (FDI) is the potentially negative consequences for the environment. The potential environmental cost resulting from increased emissions may undermine the economic gains associated with increases in FDI inflow. Although the literature is dominated with this adverse view of FDI on the environment, there is a possibility that FDI can contribute to a cleaner environment, especially, if FDI comes with green technologies and this creates spillovers for domestic industries.

 

Climate Change, Energy

Carrot or Stick: What Works for CAMPFIRE Communities in Zimbabwe?

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 18 May 2020

Local communities in Africa benefit from protected areas through a number of activities such as grazing their livestock and revenues gained from touristic activities such as trophy hunting. These two activities are not independent because the feeding habits of large herbivores such as elephants prevent bush encroachment, thus maintaining healthy grasslands or pastures for livestock.

Conservation