Climate action

Funding Inclusive Green Transition through Greenhouse Gas Pricing

Submitted by Elin Lokrantz on 4 May 2020

2015 was a special year. During a few months the political
stars aligned and made it possible for the international
community to agree on the Agenda 2030
for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement
to limit global warming. Now the signatories need to
find ways to implement these agreements, which not
only imply a deep decarbonization of the economy but
must also meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
In this article we discuss the importance of pricing
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions2 to make this happen.

Carbon Pricing, Climate Change, Policy Design

Farmers’ drought experience, risk perceptions, and behavioural intentions for adaptation: evidence from Ethiopia

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 16 September 2020
EfD Authors:

This paper examines farmers’ cognitive perceptions of risk and the behavioral intentions to implement specific drought risk reduction measures using the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) model. We follow an innovative route by extending a PMT model with a drought experience variable, which, we hypothesize, will influence risk perceptions and the take-up of adaptation measures. In order to do so, we investigated detailed historical drought patterns by looking at the spatial and temporal aspects of drought conditions during crop growing season at the village level.

Agriculture, Climate Change, Land

An integrated assessment of vulnerability to floods using composite index – A district level analysis for Bihar, India

Submitted by Vidisha Chowdhury on 10 September 2020
EfD Authors:

Vulnerability assessment using composite indices provides critical information for the policymakers on why certain regions are impacted more than the others. Several researchers have assessed the vulnerability to hazard in diverse spatial and environmental settings, however, not many studies have assessed the vulnerability to flood hazards in Bihar, where flooding is a perennial event.

Climate Change, Land, Policy Design

Network analysis: a novel approach to identify PM2.5 hotspots and their spatio-temporal impact on air quality in Santiago de Chile

Submitted by César Salazar on 30 July 2020
EfD Authors:

Air pollution, particularly PM2.5 particulate matter, is a significant issue in Santiago, the capital of Chile. Santiago’s pollution problem is exacerbated by its unique geographic location nestled against the Andes mountain range in the central valley of Chile. This paper uses network models that were developed primarily to analyze systemic risk in the financial system to identify those locations in the city that are most important for explaining PM2.5 levels.

Air Quality, Climate Change, Urban

Environmental policy instruments and corruption

Submitted by Elin Lokrantz on 27 July 2020

In this paper we discuss the choice of taxation or regulation of environmental externalities. The subject might appear to be a well-trodden path, but we believe we have a new angle on this well-established question. We think we are being quite realistic when we assume that corrupt practices lurk behind every corner, threatening to derail the good intents of any regulator.

Carbon Pricing, Climate Change

Environmental Impacts and Policy Responses to Covid-19: A View from Latin America

Submitted by César Salazar on 14 July 2020

COVID-19 is currently having major short run effects with possible serious long run implications for the environment and the management of natural resources in Latin America. We discuss the possible effects of the pandemic on air pollution, deforestation and other relevant environmental dimensions across the region. With contributions from environmental economists from eight countries, we give an overview of the initial and expected environmental effects of this health crisis.

Air Quality, Energy, Health, Policy Design