Zero Hunger

Agricultural Subsidies

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

(i) Structural transformation by which shares of agriculture in income and employment decline is the outcome of a development process that raises incomes and living standards.

(ii) However, the process is uneven as a result of which the decline in agriculture’s income share is faster than its decline in employment share. This results in a substantial disparity in worker productivity across sectors.

Agriculture

Aid, Collective Action and Benefits to Smallholders: Evaluating the World Food Program’s Purchase for Progress Pilot 20-19

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 29 June 2020

Smallholder farmers often face prohibitive transaction costs in agricultural commodity markets in developing countries. Consequently, they are only partly integrated into these markets.

Agriculture, Policy Design

Aid, collective action and benefits to smallholders: Evaluating the World Food Program's purchase for progress pilot

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 17 June 2020

Agricultural commodity markets in developing countries often operate in a constrained environment of prohibitive transaction costs. Consequently, smallholder farmers are only partly integrated into these markets, a situation that keeps them in a lower level of development equilibrium (poverty trap). Although cooperative institutional alternatives such as Farmers’ Organizations (FOs) may reduce transaction costs and revitalize agricultural production and commercialization, they rarely have been successful in fully delivering on these promises.

Agriculture

Gender-Specific Livelihood Strategies for Coping with Climate Change-Induced Food Insecurity in Southeast Nigeria

Submitted by Nnaemeka Chukwuone on 22 May 2020
EfD Authors:

This study assessed the livelihood strategies adopted by husbands and wives within the same households for coping with climate-induced food insecurity in Southeast Nigeria. Collective and bargaining approaches were used in collecting individual and intra-household-level data of 120 pairs of spouses in Southeast Nigeria; husbands and wives were interviewed separately. Focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and household surveys were used to elicit responses from the respondents.

Agriculture, Climate Change, Gender

Does mobile phone technology reduce agricultural price distortions? Evidence from cocoa and coffee industries

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 18 May 2020

Agricultural price distortion which is the discrepancy between world market price of agricultural produce and price received by farmers as a result of market interventions by governments, either through subsidies or taxes or even trade protection systems, has received rare attention in the cocoa and coffee sub-sectors. This study examines the contribution of mobile phone technology in reducing price distortions in cocoa and coffee production.

Agriculture

Social Protection and Vulnerability to Nutrition Security among Male and Female Headed Households in Ethiopia 20-05

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 13 May 2020

This study examines the role of Ethiopia’s productive safety net program (PSNP) and its modes of benefit transfer in vulnerability to nutritional outcomes among female- and male-headed households

Gender, Health