Agricultural Subsidies

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

(i) Structural transformation by which shares of agriculture in income and employment decline is the outcome of a development process that raises incomes and living standards.

(ii) However, the process is uneven as a result of which the decline in agriculture’s income share is faster than its decline in employment share. This results in a substantial disparity in worker productivity across sectors.


Aid, Collective Action and Benefits to Smallholders: Evaluating the World Food Program’s Purchase for Progress Pilot 20-19

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 29 June 2020

Smallholder farmers often face prohibitive transaction costs in agricultural commodity markets in developing countries. Consequently, they are only partly integrated into these markets.

Agriculture, Policy Design

Converting forests to farms: the economic benefits of clearing forests in agricultural settlements in the Amazon

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020

Agricultural expansion into tropical forests is believed to bring local economic benefits at the expense of global environmental costs. The resulting tension is reflected in Brazilian government policy. The national agrarian reform program has settled farm families in the Amazon region since the 1970s, with the expectation that they will clear forests in order to farm the land. On the other hand, recent Brazilian policy initiatives seek to reduce deforestation to mitigate climate change.

Agriculture, Forestry

Aid, collective action and benefits to smallholders: Evaluating the World Food Program's purchase for progress pilot

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 17 June 2020

Agricultural commodity markets in developing countries often operate in a constrained environment of prohibitive transaction costs. Consequently, smallholder farmers are only partly integrated into these markets, a situation that keeps them in a lower level of development equilibrium (poverty trap). Although cooperative institutional alternatives such as Farmers’ Organizations (FOs) may reduce transaction costs and revitalize agricultural production and commercialization, they rarely have been successful in fully delivering on these promises.


Infrastructure Improvements and Maize Market Integration: Bridging the Zambezi in Mozambique

Submitted by César Salazar on 9 June 2020

Historically, transport infrastructure connecting the most agriculturally productive areas of Mozambique and the richer southern region has been poor. A primary bottleneck was an unreliable ferry service over the Zambezi river, addressed by construction of a road bridge in 2009. In this paper we identify the impact of this transport infrastructure enhancement on integration of national maize markets.

Agriculture, Urban

Gender-Specific Livelihood Strategies for Coping with Climate Change-Induced Food Insecurity in Southeast Nigeria

Submitted by Nnaemeka Chukwuone on 22 May 2020
EfD Authors:

This study assessed the livelihood strategies adopted by husbands and wives within the same households for coping with climate-induced food insecurity in Southeast Nigeria. Collective and bargaining approaches were used in collecting individual and intra-household-level data of 120 pairs of spouses in Southeast Nigeria; husbands and wives were interviewed separately. Focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and household surveys were used to elicit responses from the respondents.

Agriculture, Climate Change, Gender