Agriculture

Agricultural Subsidies

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

(i) Structural transformation by which shares of agriculture in income and employment decline is the outcome of a development process that raises incomes and living standards.

(ii) However, the process is uneven as a result of which the decline in agriculture’s income share is faster than its decline in employment share. This results in a substantial disparity in worker productivity across sectors.

Agriculture

Farmers’ drought experience, risk perceptions, and behavioural intentions for adaptation: evidence from Ethiopia

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 16 September 2020
EfD Authors:

This paper examines farmers’ cognitive perceptions of risk and the behavioral intentions to implement specific drought risk reduction measures using the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) model. We follow an innovative route by extending a PMT model with a drought experience variable, which, we hypothesize, will influence risk perceptions and the take-up of adaptation measures. In order to do so, we investigated detailed historical drought patterns by looking at the spatial and temporal aspects of drought conditions during crop growing season at the village level.

Agriculture, Climate Change, Land

Diversification in Indian agriculture towards high value crops: Multilevel determinants and policy implications

Submitted by Vidisha Chowdhury on 10 September 2020

Employing a multilevel model, this paper demonstrates the importance of contextual effects, over and above the compositional effects, in shaping the geographical pattern of agricultural diversification towards high value crops. The results reveal that, besides household-level differences, the contextual effects of higher geographical levels, especially states and villages, explain significant variation in land-use under high value crops, but these do not apply to all types of crops and farm classes in a similar manner.

Agriculture, Land

A multilevel analysis of drought risk in Indian agriculture: implications for managing risk at different geographical levels

Submitted by Vidisha Chowdhury on 10 September 2020
EfD Authors:

Drought is an important downside risk in Indian agriculture; and the spatial differences in its intensity and probability of occurrence are considerable. To develop strategies to manage the risk of drought, and to coordinate and implement these strategies, it is essential to understand the variation in drought risk across geographical or administrative levels. This paper, using a multilevel modeling approach, decomposes the variation in drought risk across states, regions, districts, villages and households, and finds it disproportionately distributed.

Agriculture, Climate Change

An Economic Valuation and Mapping of Pollination Services in Ethiopia

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 1 September 2020
EfD Authors:

An increasing degree of attention is being given to pollination ecosystem service. It has become a commonly mentioned example of how ecosystem services are economically valuable due to its linkage to the world food production. A notable bio-economic approach is applied to estimate the economic value of pollination and the production value loss attributable due to a decline in pollinator using the Ethiopian Annual Agricultural Sample Surveys (AgSS) data for the period 2003–2013.

Agriculture, Biodiversity, Land

Games as boundary objects: charting trade-offs in sustainable livestock transformation

Submitted by Petra Hansson on 1 September 2020
EfD Authors:

Attempts to structurally transform segments of the agri-food system inevitably involve trade-offs between the priorities of actors with different incentives, perspectives and values. Trade-offs are context-specific, reflecting different socio-economic and political realities. We investigate the potential of structured boundary objects to facilitate exposing and reconciling these trade-offs within the context of multi- stakeholder social learning processes with pastoral and mixed crop-livestock communities in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

Agriculture, Land

Uncertain Monsoon, Irrigation and Crop Yields:Implications for Pricing of Insurance Products 20-28

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 28 August 2020
EfD Authors:

A significant body of literature interested in studying the impact of weatherrisks on agricultural performance has modeled crop yields as a function of either levels or deviations in seasonal rainfall. However, an aspect that has received little attention in the literature relates to the impact of timing of the arrival of the monsoon on agricultural performance. In this paper, using a pan-India district-level panel dataset for a period of 50 years, we investigate three interrelated issues that are critical for managing the weather-induced agricultural risks.

Agriculture

The impact of rural electrification and institutional quality on agricultural output : a case of Sub-Saharan Africa

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 13 August 2020
EfD Authors:

Agriculture is the means of livelihood for most rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. In order for small-scale farmers to meet the basic needs of their families and semi-large-scale farming for trading purposes, rural farmers seek to expand their output. To this end, the kind of input employed in the crop production process is very important. In terms of labour, most rural farmers employ their children or other family members and or members of the community where they use traditional farming tools. The use of energy and for that matter, electricity is very little.

Agriculture, Energy