Gender

Age at Marriage and Women's Labour Market Outcomes in India

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

We examine the relationship between women's age at marriage and their labour market outcomes using nationally representative household data from India. Employing an instrumental variable‐based empirical strategy, we find that a delay in women's age at marriage has no significant causal effect on their labour market outcomes. This is despite marriage delay being associated with higher education, lower fertility and (possibly) higher dowry for Indian women. We argue that this might be because older brides, as compared with younger brides, face more backlash from their partners.

Gender

Missing female patients: an observational analysis of sex ratio among outpatients in a referral tertiary care public hospital in India

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

Objective: To investigate gender discrimination in access to healthcare and its relationship with the patient’s age and distance from the healthcare facility.Design and settingAn observational study based on outpatient data from a large referral public hospital in Delhi, India.ParticipantsConfirmed clinical appointments.Primary and secondary outcome measuresEstimates from the logistic regression are used to compute sex ratios (male/female) of patient visits with respect to distance from the hospital and age.

Gender

Gender Equity during Covid-19

After publishing "In the wake of COVID-19, academia needs new solutions to ensure gender equity", St. Mary's College of Maryland created a website addressing gender equity in academia. Women in…

10 July 2020 | Gender

Avoiding Gender Bias in Reference Writing

"How to avoid gender bias in reference letters" by the University of Arizona, Commission on the status of women When writing a letter of reference for a student, the University of Arizona has a great…

10 July 2020 | Gender

Exploring firm performance and growth among own-account and micro enterprises in Ghana

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020
EfD Authors:

Using micro-level data from the 2013 nationally-representative GENDA survey on approximately 1,200 own-account and micro enterprises, we examine firm performance and business growth between men and women entrepreneurs in Ghana. Using OLS and multinomial logit (MNL) regression techniques, we find differential effects and constraints for men and women-owned businesses: men generally perform better than women, controlling for a host of characteristics. We find that among women-operated firms, locating a business at home has negative performance implications.

Gender

Effects of Higher Spousal Earnings on Women's Social Empowerment in Ghana

Submitted by Stephanie Scott on 28 June 2020
EfD Authors:

Existing research shows that access to employment and earnings appears to have ambiguous effects on women’s bargaining power and subsequent empowerment. This study explores the effect of higher relative earnings by women on the likelihood of social empowerment and examines to what extent the relationship is moderated by husbands’ education levels. The 2008 and 2014 rounds of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey are used for the analyses, and a Probit regression model, with interaction effects, is employed as a base model.

Gender