Decent Work and Economic Growth

Age at Marriage and Women's Labour Market Outcomes in India

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

We examine the relationship between women's age at marriage and their labour market outcomes using nationally representative household data from India. Employing an instrumental variable‐based empirical strategy, we find that a delay in women's age at marriage has no significant causal effect on their labour market outcomes. This is despite marriage delay being associated with higher education, lower fertility and (possibly) higher dowry for Indian women. We argue that this might be because older brides, as compared with younger brides, face more backlash from their partners.

Gender

Natural Resource Revenues and Public Investment in Resource-rich Economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 18 May 2020

The general policy prescription for resource‐rich countries is that, for sustainable consumption, a greater percentage of the windfall from resource rents should be channeled into accumulating foreign assets such as a sovereign public fund as done in Norway and other developed but resource‐rich countries. This might not be a correct policy prescription for resource‐rich sub‐Saharan African (SSA) countries, where public capital is very low to support the needed economic growth. In such countries, rents from resources serve as an opportunity to scale‐up the needed public capital.

Policy Design

Transition Patterns of Fishermen and Farmers into Seaweed Small-Scale Aquaculture: The Role of Risk and Time Preferences 20-03

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 13 May 2020

The extensive kelp forests along Chile’s coastline are an important source of income for many small fishing operations in Chile. But harvesting pressure has denuded many areas of the sea floor, threatening the health of the inshore marine environment. Recently, small operators have begun work to repopulate and/or cultivate seaweed. This work aims at studying the role of fishing and agriculture as outside options and their interactions with risk and time preferences in the uptake of seaweed aquaculture technology.

Agriculture, Fisheries

Are forest plantation subsidies affecting land use change and off-farm income? A farm-level analysis of Chilean small forest landowners

Submitted by César Salazar on 8 May 2020
EfD Authors:

Forest plantations have increased rapidly in the last three decades, to a large extent due to direct and indirect financial incentives. At the farm level, forestry incentives can affect the investment decisions of small forest landowners and bring socioeconomic externalities or unintended effects associated with farm management. The purpose of this study is to assess the ex post impacts of a forestry subsidy on land use changes and off-farm income experienced by Chilean small forest landowners.

Agriculture, Climate Change, Conservation, Land, Policy Design

The Phillips curve and the role of monetary policy in Chile

Submitted by César Salazar on 4 May 2020
EfD Authors:

In this paper, the empirical analysis finds that the dynamics of inflation and unemployment can be described by a Phillips curve when allowing for a positive co-movement between trend-adjusted productivity and unemployment. This suggests that improvements in productivity have been achieved by laying off the least productive part of the labor force. Furthermore, the natural rate of unemployment is a function of the long-term interest rate, indicating that monetary policy is not completely neutral in the long run.

Policy Design

The Handbook of Economic Development and Institutions

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020

The book discusses the foundations of economics development and institutions. The chapters touch on several issues such as  :  

1) Institutions,Clientalism and Inequality

2) Institutions and Growth 

3) Trade, Aid and Migration

4)Families,Gender and Culture 

5) Sectoral Approaches

 

EfD India contribtuion : Book Chapters by Rohini Somanathan (Part 1 chapter 4) and E. Somanathan (Part 5, Chapter 20) 

Policy Design, Urban

Explaining the contractualisation of India’s workforce

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

The employment structure of India’s organised manufacturing sector has undergone substantial changes over the last decade with a steep rise in the use of contract workers in place of directly hired workers. Much of the existing literature has attributed the widespread use of contract labour to India’s rigid employment protection legislation.

Policy Design, Urban

What’s in a definition? A study on the suitability of the current urban definition in India through its employment guarantee programme

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

Inaccurate definitions of urban areas in developing countries could have detrimental consequences for public service provision and construction of development indicators. We explore the suitability of the officially used administrative definition of urban and rural in India through a study of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), a demand-driven scheme targeted to rural areas. Applying three alternative definitions we find that India is more urban than recognised by the administrative definition.

Urban