Good Health and Well-Being

Missing female patients: an observational analysis of sex ratio among outpatients in a referral tertiary care public hospital in India

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 1 May 2020
EfD Authors:

Objective: To investigate gender discrimination in access to healthcare and its relationship with the patient’s age and distance from the healthcare facility.Design and settingAn observational study based on outpatient data from a large referral public hospital in Delhi, India.ParticipantsConfirmed clinical appointments.Primary and secondary outcome measuresEstimates from the logistic regression are used to compute sex ratios (male/female) of patient visits with respect to distance from the hospital and age.


Environmental Impacts and Policy Responses to Covid-19: A View from Latin America

Submitted by César Salazar on 14 July 2020

COVID-19 is currently having major short run effects with possible serious long run implications for the environment and the management of natural resources in Latin America. We discuss the possible effects of the pandemic on air pollution, deforestation and other relevant environmental dimensions across the region. With contributions from environmental economists from eight countries, we give an overview of the initial and expected environmental effects of this health crisis.

Air Quality, Energy, Health, Policy Design

Aid, Collective Action and Benefits to Smallholders: Evaluating the World Food Program’s Purchase for Progress Pilot 20-19

Submitted by Eugenia Leon on 29 June 2020

Smallholder farmers often face prohibitive transaction costs in agricultural commodity markets in developing countries. Consequently, they are only partly integrated into these markets.

Agriculture, Policy Design

COVID-19 and Handwashing: Implications for Water Use in Sub-Saharan Africa 20-18

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 18 June 2020

Because the main modes of transmission of the COVID-19 virus are respiration and contact, WHO recommends frequent washing of hands with soap under running water for at least 20 seconds. This article investigates how the level of concern about COVID-19 affects the likelihood of washing hands frequently in sub-Saharan Africa. The study makes use of a unique survey dataset from 12 sub-Saharan African countries collected in April 2020 (first round) and May 2020 (second round) and employs an extended ordered probit model with an endogenous covariate.

Health, Water

Gendered Well-Being: Cross-Sectional Evidence from Poor Urban Households in India

Submitted by Suvir Chandna on 26 May 2020

This paper is an analysis of the subjective well-being of women relative to men in low-income urban households in India. Education and employment are pathways to greater financial well-being which is presumably of great salience to poor populations. However, either or both of these may increase aspirations. The social norms that restrict the autonomy of women may mute the impact of education and employment in a way that does not happen to men. To address this hypothesis, the paper uses primary data from a survey of over 1000 respondents across slums in Delhi.


How consumer confidence in food safety practices along the food supply chain determines food handling practices: Evidence from Ghana

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 18 May 2020

The relationship between consumer confidence in food safety measures for vegetables sold in open markets and their use of safe food handling practices in the domestic environment was investigated for a set of 332 randomly sampled vegetable consumers within the suburbs of Accra, Ghana.

Experiments, Policy Design

Climate variability and infectious diseases nexus: Evidence from Sweden

Submitted by Samuel Wakuma on 18 May 2020

Many studies on the link between climate variability and infectious diseases are based on biophysical experiments, do not account for socio-economic factors and with little focus on developed countries. This study examines the effect of climate variability and socio-economic variables on infectious diseases using data from all 21 Swedish counties. Employing static and dynamic modelling frameworks, we observe that temperature has a linear negative effect on the number of patients.

Climate Change, Health

Firewood certification programs: Key attributes and policy implications

Submitted by César Salazar on 7 May 2020

Evidence from south-central Chile shows that the concentration limits for PM10 and PM2.5, defined by both the World Health Organization and national standards, are systematically exceeded, affecting approximately 10 million people. Among the sources of this pollution, firewood use accounts for the largest share. This study assesses whether consumers value environmental, social, and legal attributes associated with the firewood certification programs. We used a discrete choice model based on a sample of 500 households.

Air Quality, Climate Change, Energy, Forestry, Policy Design

The cost of commercial motorcycle accidents in Uganda

Submitted by Jane Anyango on 7 May 2020
EfD Authors:

Understanding the cost of the road traffic accidents (RTAs) has been of interest to many scholars and policy makers for a long time. In Uganda like many developing countries in 2 Africa, injuries due to motorcycle accidents represent a major but often neglected emerging public health problem and contribute significantly to the overall road traffic injuries. This research study therefore explored the costs of motorcycle accidents and the pain, grief and sufferings of the motorcycle accident victims using a multi-method approach.

Policy Design