The motivation for movement struggle to end colonialism in Tanzania was to put in our own hands the development destiny of the country. The development destiny of Tanzania will be in our control through industrialization. This book is an attempt by many Tanzanian scholars and development practitioners to provide policy options on tracking industrialization and ultimately achieve the goals of Tanzania’s Development Vision (TDV) 2025. The TDV 2025 aspires a nation that is characterized by high quality and sustainable livelihoods; peace, stability and unity; good governance and the rule of law; an educated and learning society; and a strong and competitive economy.
The national framework to attain these aspirations is the Long Term Perspective Plan (LTPP), 2011/2012-2025/2026. The LTPP is sequenced in three five-year development plans (FYDPs), each with specific theme to underline its thrust and priority interventions. FYDP I (2011/12 - 2015/16) focused on “Unleashing Tanzania’s Latent Growth Potentials”. FYDP II (2016/17-2020/21) directs national efforts to “Nurturing an Industrial Economy”. FYDP III (2021/2022-2025/2026) will be on “Realizing Competitiveness-led Export Growth”.
Thus, the book is timely published to provide intellectual and professional contributions to Tanzania ya Viwanda. It covers wide spectrum but carefully in science, technology and innovation for the more visible and sustainable industrialization; measures to address productivity and business competitiveness across sectors, e.g. industrial clusters and SMEs development, and development of agricultural and industrial financing. The book also addresses soft infrastructure including business regulatory reforms to create stable, transparent, and free-from-corruption business environment. There are also sector specific emphases in energy and minerals, tourism, as well as transport and logistics to harness natural comparative advantages while further creating competitive advantages. The book takes note that selective green development and preparedness for effects of climate changes will be fundamental for sustainable industrialization. For all these, Tanzania needs a robust system of M&E to sanction and reward performance accordingly.
This book is the second volume in the Tanzania Socio-economic Transformation (T-SET) Book Series. The first Volume is “How can Tanzania Move from Poverty to Prosperity?” published in 2015 under the auspices of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) of the United Republic of Tanzania. T-SET Book Series is intended to provide a platform where development experts in Tanzania and from other countries provide and share views and recommendations on the best policies and how best to implement them in the context of Tanzania. It is the intellectual testing ground of the ideas, which will be passed over, to preparation of medium term plans, cf. FYDPs as well as, the successor to the Tanzania Development Vision 2025.
Through its financial support and without necessarily subscribing to all views in this book, the PMO is once again proud to be associated with the second output in T-SET Book Series. We are looking forward to seeing the next volume with more improved, independent, and objective views on how Tanzania’s development policies should be crafted and implemented.
The authors have done their part. It is now our turn to see what can be implemented today or tomorrow and what can wait while we reconstitute