The EfD Sustainable Management of Coastal Marine Resources (CMaR) Collaborative Program builds upon the first phase of the Sustainable Management of Marine Resources Program from 2018-2020. The second phase of the Program CMAR offers a socio-ecological perspective with a specific geographic focus on coastal areas, strengthened south-south collaboration and impactful research to influence policies benefiting the most vulnerable people in coastal communities.
The program has and will continue its contribution to the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14, which is dedicated to life underwater and aims to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development. Marine ecosystems and the ecosystem services derived from them are subjected to a wide array of pressures, ranging from exogenous ones like ocean acidification and global warming to endogenous ones like overfishing. Plastic pollution and waste, most of which originate inland, adds a new layer to the current unsustainable path faced by our global oceans and water resources. The program involves researchers from 10 different countries – Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ghana, India, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Vietnam.
During the 2018-2020 period, the collaborative program has supported the in-depth analysis of plastic pollution, which has gained growing attention over the last years and particularly its effect on marine wildlife, economic activity, and human health. The collaborative program has developed an impact pathway framework to trace the flow of plastics through the socio-ecological system, identifying the role of specific policy instruments in achieving behavioral changes to reduce marine plastic waste. We produced a toolbox for finding a policy that is suitable for different countries. We use the impact pathway and toolbox to make country-specific recommendations that reflect the reality in each of the selected countries.
In the initial phase, we studied fisheries management via a low-cost rapid data collection method called fisheries performance indicators (FPI). Results from this work confirmed that open access and poor governance are fundamental problems to sustainable fisheries. More importantly, our results also indicate that restricting free entry can improve fisheries from ecological, economic, and social perspectives. The developed world’s focus on institutions and rights-based catch share programs to improve fisheries is a cumbersome and slow process that is not within near reach for many developing countries.
For further information, please contact the analytical coordination team: