Urban

Efficiency of research in universities of Chile

Submitted by César Salazar on 7 September 2020

To evaluate the management of Chilean universities in terms of their role as knowledge generators, the DEA methodology was applied to a subset of universities. Next, a fractional probit model was estimated with the efficiency scores obtained to explore factors that influence performance. The results show high levels of efficiency in research, with private institutions reporting higher scores than state institutions, and some important factors being detected in obtaining that performance.
 

Policy Design, Urban

Network analysis: a novel approach to identify PM2.5 hotspots and their spatio-temporal impact on air quality in Santiago de Chile

Submitted by César Salazar on 30 July 2020
EfD Authors:

Air pollution, particularly PM2.5 particulate matter, is a significant issue in Santiago, the capital of Chile. Santiago’s pollution problem is exacerbated by its unique geographic location nestled against the Andes mountain range in the central valley of Chile. This paper uses network models that were developed primarily to analyze systemic risk in the financial system to identify those locations in the city that are most important for explaining PM2.5 levels.

Air Quality, Climate Change, Urban

Value of cleaner neighborhoods: Application of hedonic price model in low income context

Submitted by Vidisha Chowdhury on 22 July 2020
EfD Authors:

Municipal solid waste management is a challenging issue in developing countries. An unclean neighborhood could have a significant negative impact on housing property values too as it may lead to numerous diseases in addition to diminished aesthetic value. This study examines the effects of municipal solid waste collection services at the neighborhood level on housing property values using the hedonic price model. We use a sub-sample of nationally representative household survey data from urban areas as well as primary data collected from one of the metropolitan cities in Nepal.

Urban, Waste

Assessing the Incorporation of Latent Variables in the Estimation of the Value of a Statistical Life 20-22

Submitted by César Salazar on 28 June 2020

We explore the incorporation of latent variables (attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions) in the estimation of the value of a statistical life using a hybrid choice model framework. Latent

Policy Design, Urban

Assessing the Use of Pseudo-panels to Estimate the Value of Statistical Life in Developing Countries 20-20

Submitted by César Salazar on 28 June 2020

In this paper, we estimate the Value of Statistical Life (VSL) for Chile, Colombia, and the United States using a hedonic wage model and a pseudo-panel approach. The VSL is a major component of costbenefit analysis of many policies including public health, transportation safety, and environmental regulation. Using pseudo-panels, also known as synthetic cohort data, to estimate the VSL is relevant for

Policy Design, Urban