Yesuf, Mahmud, Demissie Damte, Randall Bluffstone and Bilisuma Bushie. 2008. “Rural Livelihoods, Poverty,and the Millennium Development Goals: Evidence from Ethiopian Survey Data.” EfD Discussion Paper 08.
This in-depth look at key development issues facing Ethiopian households in context of the Millenium Development Goals uses survey data from 2000, 2002, and 2005. Ethiopia is making progress, but household incomes are shockingly low and hugely varied. Assets could potentially help smooth consumption, but the current property rights structure where land is owned by the government excessively limits households' options and makes it impossible for land to serve as a true, functioning asset.