We analyze if poorest people in rural localities of Región de Los Lagos, Chile have benefited in terms of poverty alleviation with salmon farms establishment within 1992-2002 period. In order to assess the impact of this event on poverty, we compare areas with and without salmon farms. We calculate poverty rates through small area estimation models at household level and we approach through differences in differences. Our findings suggest, that poverty decreased more in localities with salmon farms than in those who do not. We also identify geographic distances, between localities and salmon farms, where this positive impact is more significant. Our results, contribute to the debate on socioeconomic effects of aquaculture for a capital-intensive and export-led industry.
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