[Objective] Based on the micro survey data of key state-owned forestry area, this paper analyzed the impacts of state-owned forestry region reform on the changes in employment, which would provide a useful reference for the policy of key state-owned forestry region.
[Method] We described the changes of industries, departments and aspects of employment in state-owned forestry region by statistical methods. Furthermore, we applied an econometric model to estimate the effect of state-owned forestry reforms on the employments.
[Result] The reforms have already produced significant effect on employment in key state-owned forestry region. The dependence of labors on the state and forestry departments have gradually decreased. The field of employment has been widened. The responsibility system in forestry management and protection promoted an increasing employment rate in state and forestry departments by separating ownership from managerial authority. Market-oriented forestry production has played a positive role in promoting the forestry employment. Restructuring of processing enterprises has promoted the labor force from the state departments to the non-state departments. Buying out the length of services has promoted the labor force flowing to non-forestry industry, and extended the field of employment.
[Conclusion] The structure of employment has changed in key state-owned forest region, and a new labor market has been formed. The role of market in the employment will be an important direction for system reform in the future.
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