We use a eld experiment to identify how dierences in preferences and autonomy in decision-making result in sub-optimal adoption of technologies that can maximize the welfare of all members of the household. We create income-earning opportunities to empower subjects and elicit their willingness-to-pay (WTP) for improved cookstoves through a real stove purchase experiment with randomly chosen wives, husbands and couples. Experimental results suggest that women, who often are responsible for cooking and for collecting fuelwood, reveal a higher preference than men for the improved stoves. Results also show that women who have higher decision-making autonomy and those who make the stove decision individually reveal higher WTP than those who have lower decision-making autonomy and those who make the stove decision with their husbands. A follow-up survey conducted 15 months after the stove purchase shows that autonomy does not aect stove use. Our ndings highlight the importance of considering division of labor, dierent preferences, and bargaining power dierences within the household when promoting adoption of new household technologies.
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