Albers, Heidi J. and Elizabeth J Z Robinson. 2013. “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation” Encyclopedia of Energy Natural Resource and Environmental Economics.
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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, or REDD, is a mechanism for providing financial rewards to countries that reduce carbon emissions caused by the loss and degradation of their forests. In concept, REDD resembles other Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programs. However, REDD emphasizes a reduction in deforestation and degradation rates from expected levels, also known as avoided deforestation and degradation.