Köhlin, Gunnar, Alemu Mekonnen and Lisa Westholm. 2010. “Climate Change Policy in Africa with Special Reference to Energy and Land Use .” Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research 3:1: 63-76.
While Africa has contributed marginally to climate change, the continent will be disproportionately affected by it, particularly the agricultural sector. Climate change demands policy action to address mitigation and adaptation needs, and it poses opportunities in implementation of international instruments.
Two sectors, energy and land use, are particularly important. Over 85% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions in Africa come from energy supply and agriculture. African governments will have to synchronize national development plans and strategies with adaptation and mitigation plans, as well as safeguard that adherence to the rules of international funding mechanisms do not unnecessarily constrain national development strategies.