Gender differences in poaching attitudes: Insights from communities in Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe living near the great Limpopo

Discussion Paper
1 January 2019

To what extent and how do men and women differ in their attitudes about poaching?
Although research suggests that women can be more concerned about environmental
degradation than men, inquiries about communities in protected areas are ambiguous:
women are disproportionately affected by anti-poaching laws and can have greater
motivations to violate rules.We conducted a large-scale survey in communities within
the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park in Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe
and explored attitudes regarding; concern about resources, rule compliance, poaching,
and anti-poaching activities. Although women’s attitudes generally are not divergent
from men’s, we find some differences among nonelectrified households and those
with a dependence on resources; these women are less likely to condemn commercial
poaching and less willing to engage in anti-poaching activities. Men in poorer households
are more likely to know a poacher. We identify a need of further understanding
the causes behind gender differences in conservation attitudes.

Publication | 2 December 2019