Cape Town made international news during the three-year drought which threatened to shut down the city’s water supply at the height of the crisis in January 2018.
As part of its institutionalization, EfD is now proud to announce its new strategic board. ‘This board is constituted of my dream-team’, says Director, Gunnar Köhlin. Each of the board members brings deep professional knowledge, a passion for sustainable development and the capacity to elevate EfD so that we can make a difference at the global level.
Families that benefit from the income earned through the state’s community wildlife conservation initiative around nature parks in Zimbabwe are more likely to get their children educated because they have better access to schools and are likely to receive subsidised school fees.
Families who receive cash payouts as a result of their participation in wildlife conservation efforts near some nature parks in Zimbabwe have not seen a measurable increase in their accumulated wealth in the past three decades.
During the first semester of 2019, EfD Colombia co-organized with the Center for the Sustainable Development Goals for Latin America and the Caribbean (CODS) the development and sustainability seminars CODS-EfD.
High rates of joblessness in farming areas and settlements surrounding towns near conservation areas like the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA) might leave unemployed young men vulnerable to being recruited into wildlife trafficking and poaching.
Científicos de Bioversity International y del CATIE involucran a personas productoras en investigaciones a través de la ciencia ciudadana
Para ello se desarrolló un curso que tuvo como objetivo compartir la experiencia tica a representantes de organizaciones jamaiquinas La implementación pionera de pagos por servicios ambientales en Costa Rica es ejemplo para otros países latinoamericanos que incursionan en el área y esta vez Jamaica volvió sus ojos a la experiencia exitosa del país centroamericano.
Nearly half of all plastics used globally are only used once. Almost 80 percent of all plastics end up in landfills or in the natural environment, where it takes thousands of years to decompose. African countries already struggle to manage waste pollution, and the expected growth in the use of plastics on the continent will have serious human health and environmental impacts.
When families have a source of modern energy in their homes, children can spend more time at school rather than collecting firewood. The extra lighting at night allows them to do homework or use digital technology to help with their studies.
Sharing data openly and re-use of data allows the global research community as well as students to replicate studies in a way that can support more robust science. It improves transparency, guards against data fraud, and boosts research scrutiny which can improve the trustworthiness of results. It can also build researchers’ credibility.
In January 2018, the South African city of Cape Town came within three months of running out of municipal water, following the worst drought in over a century. ‘Day Zero’ was the day when water managers would initiate emergency rationing measures, shutting off water to homes and businesses outside of the central city.
Corruption, a lack of political will to enforce fishing laws, and a shortage of scientific and economic data hamper effective marine fisheries management in the West African country of Ghana.
EfD Colombia has released two new podcasts on environmental and natural resource economics. In the first podcast, researcher Fernando Carriazo talks with journalist Carolina García about about the relation between the price of households and air quality in Bogotá.
During the first months of 2019, the work of EfD Colombia researchers work has been mentioned in different national media. Researchers have also written opinion columns in which they discuss relevant topics about environmental economics and development. The topics covered in media are diverse: deforestation in Colombia, air quality in Bogotá and Medellín and climate economics.
Biodiversity and healthy ecosystems provide essential resources and services that support human wellbeing. Undervaluing these ‘free’ offerings from the environment, though, has led to them being overexploited and polluted.
Putting a price on carbon in global markets allows for the trade in carbon to be taxed. Carbon taxing is an effective economic tool to drive down countries’ emissions. Developing world countries are far behind the Global North in terms of testing different approaches to carbon taxes and emissions trading.
CECFEE India senior researcher Professor Saudamini Das was interviewed by Mongabay India about the impact of Cyclone Fani on the Indian state of Odisha and the government's preparedness and response to this 'extremely severe cyclonic storm'.
On May 6th, 2019 the World Bank together with the Vice President’s office launched the Tanzania Country Environmental Analysis at the Hyatt hotel in Dar es Salaam Tanzania.
Aquaculture Economics and Management Maganize awarded EfD researcher Jorge Dresdner and Felipe Quezada with the Best Paper Award for 2017 for their work called “What can we learn from a health crisis? The Infectious Salmon Anemia (ISA) virus and the market prices”.
The VI Workshop on Economics of Natural Resources and Environment was held on March 21st and 22nd in Santiago, Chile.
In January 2018, Cape Town came within three months of initiating ‘Day Zero’, the day when emergency rationing measures would kick in, and city utility managers would shut off water to homes in the suburbs, and to businesses outside of the city centre.
The EfD Initiative is now looking to have an external evaluation carried out. The purpose of the evaluation is to provide an overall assessment of the extent to which EfD fulfills its main objective of contributing to the effective management of ecosystems, natural resources and climate change impacts in the Global South through increased use of environmental economics in building the evidence base for effective policy making.
Researchers at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) based at the Policy Studies Institute (PSI) have been awarded research funding for a project entitled “Impacts and Drivers of Policies for Electricity Access: Micro-and-Macroeconomic Evidence from Ethiopia”
EfD present at UN report: Urgent action needed to tackle chemical pollution as global production is set to double by 2030
About the The Global Chemicals Outlook II – From Legacies to Innovative Solutions: Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: The report was developed with substantive input from a wide range of experts, and through collaboration with numerous partner organizations.
Two television debate programs invited EfD Colombia Director Jorge Bonilla to discuss recent air quality problems in Bogotá
February is a critical month for Bogotá in terms of air quality. There are two factors that explain this situation: emissions and meteorology. These two factors cause that Bogota’s atmosphere present a high concentration of particular matter, which is a very harmful pollutant for health. In February, the meteorology in Bogotá presents a particular phenomenon: the thermal inversion.
Scientists from Bioversity International and EfD Central America's hots institution CATIE involved farmers in research processes through citizen science
Mangrove management policy in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta needs stronger state enforcement, if the country is to meet its conservation goals while still allowing for people in the delta area to benefit from the ecosystems services that mangroves provide the shrimp farming sector.
Much of Tanzania’s economic growth is dependent on the natural ecosystems that allow the harvesting of resources such as water, timber, and fish from the environment. However, society often regards these resources as infinite and free, which can lead to their over exploitation, resulting in the ecosystems becoming degraded and unhealthy.
Natural environments in and around the South African coastal city of Durban provide goods and services to the national economy that amount to an estimated US$ 350 million (R 4.2 billion) each year.
Kenya’s conservation authorities should consider raising the entrance fees for foreign tourists to the iconic Maasai Mara National Park by US$ 6.90 per person, per day spent in the park, in order to boost the park’s coffers.
Young farmers in the vicinity of Wukro in northern Ethiopia see a future in which their livestock production is improved, where their animals get balanced feed and modern shelter, and where they have access to adequate veterinary services and clean water.
Colombia’s carbon tax, which was passed into law in 2017, is likely to be the most effective policy measure to help the South American country steer its economy towards a lower-carbon development path.
The Chinese government is lowering its subsidies for renewable energy, after researchers found that they were too high relative to the rapidly dropping global price of wind and solar technologies.
The high cost of starting up seaweed cultivation projects along the Chilean coastline is the main hurdle to the aquaculture industry restoring areas where this key marine resource has been heavily harvested.
The health cost of high air pollution from vehicles in the Costa Rican capital of San José and its immediate surrounds runs to millions of dollars each year, according to new research from the Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE).
Prioritizing agriculture industralisation as a weapon for transforming Tanzania into a middle-income country
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania, His Excellence Dr. John Pombe Magufuli launched the second phase of the Agricultural Sector Development Program (ASDP2) in 2018. This program was at the centre of the high level 5th Annual Agricultural Policy Conference (AAPC) which took place between 13th and 15th February 2019 in Dodoma, the new economic hub.
When it comes to getting people to change their behaviour around mindlessly throwing away single-use plastics, rather than re-using or recycling them, what small messages are most likely to prod them to break their bad habits? Does it help to put signs up in supermarkets, urging people to re-use their shopping bags? Or is it better to push up the price of the bag with a small tax?
The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment report launched on February 4th, 2019, finds that at least a third of the huge ice fields in Asia’s towering mountain chain are doomed to melt due to climate change, with serious consequences for almost 2 billion people.
The pioneering implementation of payments for ecosystem services in Costa Rica is an example for other Latin American countries that now venture into these topics, and this time Jamaica turns its attention to the successful experience of the Central American country. From January 28 till February 2, participants from different Jamaican organizations met at the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) to learn about the design and implementation of the Payment for Ecosystem Services Program in Costa Rica. The lessons are mainly taught by the EfD senior researcher and Central American coordinator of the center, PhD. Roger Madrigal.
International researcher Alex Pfaff from Duke University visits EfD Colombia and participates in the first environmental economics seminar CODS-EfD
EfD Colombia is working together with the Center for the Sustainable Development Objectives for Latin America and the Caribbean (CODS for its name in Spanish) at Universidad de Los Andes to organize the environmental economics seminar CODS-EfD.
Global environmental problems can be addressed by means of policy instruments such as carbon dioxide taxes, building and technology standards and support for new technology, but the issues are complex and several environmental problems must be addressed simultaneously in order to achieve optimal effect. Therefore, different research areas must work together to find solutions. This is evident from an article published in the journal Nature Sustainability.
The Centre for research on the Economics of Climate, Food, Energy and Environment (CECFEE) and Centre for Policy Research (CPR), Delhi, India conducted a panel session as part of CECFEE’s Policy day event titled ‘Research for Policy Action on Air Pollution’ on 17th December 2018.
2018 was a year of intensive stakeholder interaction and communication on air quality issues in Bogotá and Medellin (Colombia)
During 2018 the topic of air quality in the two most important cities of Colombia, Bogotá and Medellín, was intensively discussed among EfD researchers, policy makers, representatives from the civil society and other stakeholders.
Gunnar Köhlin, EfD Director, has been awarded the position as Honorary Professor at School of Economics, University of Cape Town.
With a podcast and a journalistic article, EfD Colombia raises awareness about the consequences of the lionfish invasion in the Caribbean Sea
In this second podcast and news article, Diego Valderrama discusses the challenges faced by researchers and policy-makers dealing with the impacts of the lionfish invasion in the Caribbean Sea.
Costa Rica has been a pioneer in implementing policies to protect and promote ecosystem services. One of the most successful innovative public financing schemes implemented more than twenty years ago was the “payments for ecosystem services” (PES), which along with other policies and enabling conditions led to a dramatic increase in its forest cover, from less than 30% in the 1980s to 54% of its territory today.
Funding from The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has been secured that will enable the Department of Economics at the School of Business, Economics and Law at Gothenburg University to support the PhD program in economics at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, for the coming five years. The program will be run jointly with Jönköping International Business School (JIBS).
From January 1, 2019, The EfD Secretariat becomes a special Unit at the School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg. We asked Gunnar Köhlin, EfD Director, some quick questions about what this change means.
Green Economy: New Challenges, New Skills. EfD is co-organizing a Forum for institutions that train professionals involved in policy design and implementation Nov 26-27, OECD, Paris