A series of academic seminars were conducted on January 28, February 7 and February 17, 2014 at Eshetu Cholle Hall of the AAU. The seminars were organized by EEPFE and AAU.
EfD-Kenya held its first Annual Workshop on August 7, 2013 at Fairview Hotel in Nairobi. The workshop brought together researchers, policy makers, academia and other stakeholders in the environment sector. The objective of the workshop was to discuss various research outputs generated from the studies being undertaken by the network associates, and to hear new research ideas.
“Gender plays a key role for sustainable farming in Africa,” says EfD Ethiopia researcher Hailemariam Teklewold in an interview with EurActiv, a news service for news on EU policies. EurActiv receives funding from the European Commission and sponsoring from large corporate sponsors.
International and Costa Rican local media showed great interest in covering the EfD Policy Day celebrated on October 25, 2012
The paper "The Role of Land Certification in Reducing Gender Gaps in Productivity in Rural Ethiopia" written by EfD research fellow Mintewab Bezabih, EfD Associate Stein T. Holden and Andrea Mannberg, was given the "Uma Lele’s Award to Best Contributed Paper on Gender" at the International Conference of Agricultural Economists (IAAE).
The goal is to identify needs for policy making and research in these three issues that are key for development in Central America.
PRESS RELEASE: Experts and policymakers meet in Costa Rica to discuss climate change, water and natural resources
The goal is to identify needs for policy making and research in these three issues that are key for development in Central America.
International top scientists and practitioners from EfD, WRI, UNEP, UNDP, IIED, SEI, World Bank and many more met at Sida on September 17 to discuss inclusive green growth, next steps and implications for global development and development cooperation after the Rio Summit 2012.
Introducing The CASCADE Project: a new research initiative on ecosystem-based adaptation in Central America
CATIE and Conservation International joined forces to work together in research and capacity building to bring impacts at both the policy and field implementation scale.
Flower production around Lake Naivasha and its role in attaining inclusive and sustainable growth: EfD Kenya researchers Dr. Wilfred Nyangena and Geophrey Sikei are contributing to the European Report on Development 2011/2012. In a context of increasing scarcity and climate change, they studied effective natural resource management for inclusive and sustainable growth. Their case study is about flower production around the Lake Naivasha basin, where water, energy, and land resources are increasingly interdependent and under considerable environmental pressures.
The first open seminar in a series organized by Land Rights Research Initiative (LARRI) discusses, with examples from Africa, how the growing demand for land for commercial investments threatens to deprive poor rural households of their access to land. It also discusses what scope there is and what measures are required to turn this development into a positive outcome at the local level.
Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan African countries. In this regard, adaptation mechanisms to climate change play a paramount role in reducing the impact on agricultural productivity and food security. With this motivation, the EfD-EEU in Gothenburg, hosted a first collaborative research workshop on the theme “adaptation to climate change in African agriculture” in Gothenburg, Sweden, February 9-10, 2012.
21 researchers and PhD students from across the globe currently attend the course Environmental Valuation that is held at School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg in Sweden 7 November – 9 December. A vivid interest in natural resources and environmental issues made them come from China, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Sweden, Tanzania, Uruguay and Vietnam.
Research seminar fifth on the ''Interdependence in farmer technology adoption decisions in smallholder systems: Joint estimation of investments in sustainable agricultural practices (SAPs) in Rural Tanzania'' was presented by Dr. Menale Kassie in Addis Ababa University on November 14, 2011.
Agricultural Research for Development is an annual interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder conference on agriculture, livestock and forest research in an international development context. Distinguished international guests will give key note presentations on pertinent research and/or developmental questions. Individual participants are invited to present their research/project in parallel sessions. This year´s conference will be held at Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 28- 29 September 2011.
Increased Brazilian beef exports indirectly lead to deforestation in the Amazon region. The environmental effect is much larger than previously indicated, according to new research from the University of Gothenburg, Chalmers University of Technology and SIK published in Environmental Science & Technology. The researchers are demanding that indirect effects of land use changes be considered when estimating a product’s carbon footprint.
A climate tax corresponding to €60/ton CO2eq on meat and milk could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from European agriculture by around seven per cent. If the land made available is used for bioenergy production, the decrease in emissions can be six times greater. This is shown by the researchers Kristina Mohlin, Stefan Wirsenius and Fredrik Hedenus in an article published in the scientific journal Climatic Change.
Plans for the research program Human Cooperation to Manage Natural Resources were elaborated on January 17-19 at Indiana University in Bloomington. Project partners are Nobel laureate Elinor Ostrom's research group at Indiana University, Resources for the Future in Washington, and the Environmental Economics Unit, University of Gothenburg.
Francisco Alpízar y Milagro Saborío wrote an article (Más preguntas que respuestas) for “La Nación” (1 June 2008) the most important newspaper in Costa Rica on the topic of biofuels. (Spanish only)
Knowledge about soil can reduce damage to the environment and save lives. This is what environmental economist Anders Ekbom shows in his doctoral thesis on soil capital, land use and agricultural production in Kenya. Such knowledge is important for a large number of developing countries in Africa, Asia and Central America.
The CASCADE Project: supporting smallholder’s climate adaptation in Central America based on ecosystem approaches.
CASCADE project promotes adaptation to climate change in vulnerable communities of smallholder farmers in Costa Rica, Honduras and Guatemala, through Ecosystem-based Adaptation strategies (EbA).
Heterogeneous valuation and eco-efficiency of Laser Land Leveling in paddy production in the Mekong Delta
Climate change is one of environmental threats in agricultural activities; a sea level rise causing salinity or water scarcity will negatively affect agricultural production. Rice is the most important staple food in Asia; however, it is estimated about 15 million hectares of paddy production in lack of irrigation by 2025.
Determinants and Impact of Use of Climate Smart Agricultural Practices: Evidence from Nigeria Panel Data
Climate change in addition to food insecurity is among the key problems facing Nigeria. In fact scientific evidence shows that climate change is affecting grain yield in Nigeria. Also, Nigeria is currently ranked 84th out of 119 countries on the 2017 global hunger index. Therefore, there is need to evolve evidence-based policies to tackle climate change and enhance food security. Climate-smart agricultural (CSA) technologies, practices and services are proven means of reducing green house gas emissions and enhancing food production.
The key social protection instrument in Ethiopia is the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) public works scheme. The The PSNP is a large national social safety net program that provides direct income to poor households primarily through participation in public works scheme, in addition to unconditioned direct support to poor households who are unable to participate in public works. The program aims to reduce the risk exposure of poor households and build their long-term resilience.
The proposed study aims to assess the effects of conservation policies in the Ngorongoro’s Conservation Area in Tanzania to predict Maasai responses to future policies.
Triggers and Outcomes to Collective Action in Common-Pool Resources Management: A Devolution Case of Collective Forests in China
This project studies determinants and consequences of collective action in forest management in China. The research focus is how cooperation could be triggered in the devolution process of titling forest management to households.
Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation
The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.
This project will investigate the impact of mangrove forest on shrimps farming and on the risk of shrimp farming, and how changes in mangrove cover affects shrimp harvests. Besides, the project aims to find out how market conditions, community and household characteristics affect the conversion of mangrove into water surface for shrimp farming.
In this project, we will determine whether and how decentralized management of irrigation systems in India may help achieve efficient extraction and distribution of water in agriculture. Our goal in this project is to shed light on the institutional mechanisms behind efficient management of water use in irrigation and thereby understanding how we can manage this crisis better.
Farmers’ Preferences for Post-Harvest Grazing Access on Private Agricultural Lands in the Mixed Farming System of Ethiopia
This project will explore farmers’ perceptions for open access grazing on private agricultural lands and their preferences for complementary policy incentives used as incentives to increase fodder productivity and subsequently adopt conservation agriculture.
The aim of this project is to integrate environmental, economic and equity considerations into decision making around livestock intensification. To achieve this, we take an innovative step forward in the use of analytical tools for the management of environmental and livelihood change in developing country contexts.
The Impact of the System of Rice Intensification on Small-holder Farmers’ Welfare: Does Partial Adoption Matter?
This study will assess the determinants of partial adoption dynamics and its impact implications on yield and farm profit among rice farmers in Morogoro region of Tanzania using a unique panel data. We will build on the previously collected data set from the same farmers to gather additional information on the adoption choices and dynamics, but also build up a panel data set for a relatively cleaner identification strategy of the impact of System of Rice Intensification (SRI).
This project will measure the risk and time attitudes of Western Cape fruit farmers using experimental and econometric techniques. It will assess how these attitudes interact with the adoption of new cultivars, wealth levels and access to capital, and a variety of other socio-economic variables. The results will be used to construct policy advice for a priority area of South African industrial policy.
The goal of this study is to support poverty reduction through assessing the linkages between climate change, adaptation and food security; and propose probable policy recommendations to improve food security in face in climate change.
Agricultural values of the wild coffee genetic resource in Ethiopia: implication for conservation of the wild coffee forest in southwestern Ethiopia
This paper is focuses on assessing the agricultural value of wild coffee genetic resource in view of local coffee producers. Specifically, it is to estimate their demand for improved coffee planting material with respect to coffee production constraints the farmers are facing. Three sites are considered based on variability in coffee production systems. It includes the forest communities keeping wild coffee types, semi-forest coffee types, and areas where coffee production is exclusively dependent upon improved types.
The project aims to help achieve agriculture/food security, and poverty reduction through broadening our understanding of the impacts of the SLM program and informed policy/ decision making processes.
Economic and Environmental Impacts of Bioenergy in China: Implications for Land Use, Food Prices, and Policies
In this project we will investigate the effects of large-scale bioenergy production on land use, crop production, farm income, and for the environment over a 20-year horizon in China.
Cooperation and informal social institution: experimental evidence from rural irrigation canal management in northwestern China
This study aims to promote cooperation in the maintenance of irrigation canals in vast rural areas of north-west China.
In this project, our research question is: What is the level of dishonesty in an anonymous natural field experiment and are norms activated that reduces the level of dishonesty from any of the two treatments? We conduct a natural field experiment and the subjects are Tanzanian farmers that were interviewed on farming activities and socio-economic conditions and participated in risk and time preference experiments.
What Drives the (Non) Adoption of Agricultural Technologies? Time Preferences and Social Networks in Rural Tanzania
The adoption of new agricultural technologies is instrumental in the process of adaptation to climate change. Yet, in eastern Africa the adoption rate have been very small. Besides institutional explanations, the recent literature has pointed out at the role of impatience we explore the relative importance of this explanation vis-à-vis an alternative explanation based on sharing pressure within social networks. A combination of lab and field experiments will be used to address theses questions.
Adaptation to Increase Resilience to Climate Change in Ethiopian Agriculture: Empowering Farmers to Adopt the Right Water Management Technologies for their Farms
Climate change in Ethiopia will not only increase rainfall variability and lead to more frequent droughts and higher risk of rain generated floods, it will also continue to intensify the degradation of soil fertility that causes agricultural productivity to decline. Adaptation measures that build upon improved water management and enhance soil fertility are fundamental in boosting overall resilience to climate change in the Blue Nile Basin.
Exploring the role of index insurance on farmers’ adaptation to climate change strategies: a field experiment with Costa Rican coffee farmers
Understanding farmers’ responses to climate change is fundamental for the design of adaptation strategies in developing countries.
Although groundwater depletion is a global phenomenon, India faces the challenge in its severest of forms. Studies by India’s Central Ground Water Board suggest that in some parts of the country, water tables are receding at 1 meter per year and that the majority of water resources in Northwest and South India are overexploited. Furthermore, two-thirds of India’s 1.2 billion people are involved in agricultural work and are therefore especially vulnerable to groundwater depletion and related climate fluctuations.
In 2010, EfD-Kenya embarked on a pilot study analyzing the effects of forest devolution in Kenya with a specific focus on Kakamega forest. In particular the research focuses on the formation of Community Forest Associations (CFA) that are expected to manage forests after Kenya’s recent devolution process.
Land Conservation Technologies Adoption and its Impact on Smallholder Agriculture in Tanzania: A case study of REDD implementing areas
Land degradation is a major serious problem in Tanzania that contributes greatly to decline in productivity and poses a threat to rural livelihood and the economy at large given the importance of agriculture in the country
Sustainable financing options of the climate change and climate variability adaptation measures by rural smallholder farmers in Tanzania
A majority of the rural poor in Tanzania derive their income from agriculture. The most important input in the agricultural production is labour and the rain water. This situation implies that, very large proportion of population in the country is vulnerable to climatic change and variability. At the national level there exist various interventions in the agriculture sector to facilitate increased efficiency and productivity.
Adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia : The potential role of sustainable land management practices
This research project will contribute to sustainability and poverty reduction agenda as SLM practices can enable farmers to become resilient to climate change by improving ecosystem services and functions, increasing agricultural productivity and enhancing food security. Such practices could also help mitigate climate change which is an important added advantage.
Climate change poses a serious challenge to Kenya’s socioeconomic development as the key drivers of its economy – including agriculture, forestry and fisheries among others – are affected by climate change. This study will address various issues including how climate variability has affected food security in Kenya, the vulnerability of different populations in Kenya and the key policy options for mitigating the effect of climate variability on food security and vulnerability.