Much of Tanzania’s economic growth is dependent on the natural ecosystems that allow the harvesting of resources such as water, timber, and fish from the environment. However, society often regards these resources as infinite and free, which can lead to their over exploitation, resulting in the ecosystems becoming degraded and unhealthy.
Prioritizing agriculture industralisation as a weapon for transforming Tanzania into a middle-income country
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania, His Excellence Dr. John Pombe Magufuli launched the second phase of the Agricultural Sector Development Program (ASDP2) in 2018. This program was at the centre of the high level 5th Annual Agricultural Policy Conference (AAPC) which took place between 13th and 15th February 2019 in Dodoma, the new economic hub.
Researchers from eight EfD centers gathered in Gothenburg, to kick- start work on a two-year collaborative program on marine resources. We spoke with program leaders Francisco Alpízar and Håkan Eggert.
EfD Tanzania's policy day 2018 had the theme “conservation and sustainable use of Tanzania's Marine resources" in line with 2018 world environmental day and the SDG14.
The EfD Network proudly presents the new audiovisual production: “The Ecosystem Services Accounting for Development Program (ESAforD)” we encourage all our network to watch and enjoy the video!
The Ecosystem Services Accounting for Development Program (ESAfD) participated in the 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists through several appearances in academic sessions and a special policy session coordinated by the ESAforD program researchers.
What does gender of a smallholder farmer got to do with the value of wild pollination services to crop productivity?
Tanzania celebrated the world environment day with an environment week that began with a high level symposium on climate change, environment and the national economy
On the 5th of June the world marked the World Environment Day. Tanzania celebrated this day in a week-long event from the 31st May until the 5th June. The week-long event included a high level symposium which took place on the 1st June at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Dar es Salaam. The theme of the symposium was climate change, environment and national economy.
VILLAGERS and forest managers are key players for protecting forest reserves in Tanzania, and they should therefore work closely.
Post-Harvest Management needs a joint effort as an important component of food security and Industrialization in Tanzania
The EfD Tanzania researchers participated in a two-day National Level Post-Harvest Management conference that was held at the Nkrumah Hall, University of Dar es Salaam from 8th to 9th November 2017. It was officiated by Hon Dr. Hon Mary Mwajelwa (MP), Deputy Minister Ministry of Agriculture.
This year the EfD annual meeting will be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from: October 27-30, 2017. It is hosted by the Environment and Climate Research Center (EfD - Ethiopia) and the EfD Secretariat. The EfD annual meeting is a forum to bring together researchers from all EfD centers and their collaborators. EfD would also like to attract key stakeholders for exchange of research ideas. Updates for participants will be displayed here.
The Working Group in African Political Economy (WGAPE) is pleased to announce a special international meeting to be held January 26-28, 2018 at New York University-Abu Dhabi.
Dr. Aloyce Hepelwa EfDTanzania research fellow will participate to the 5th Nile Basin Development Forum (NBDF) that will take place in Kigali, Rwanda from 23 to 25th October, 2017 at Kigali Marriott Hotel. The Forum is organized by Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in collaboration with the Government of Rwanda and in partnership with Development Partners (BMZ/GIZ, BMU/GIZ and World Bank).
EfD Tanzania researchers, Dr. John Mduma and Dr. Wilhelm Ngasamiaku, in collaboration with researchers from University of Dar es Salaam and African Institute for Development Policy carried a study on Prospects and Challenges of Harnessing Demographic Dividend in Tanzania. The study was commissioned and funded under the USAID project titled Evidence to Action for Strengthening Reproductive Health through Pathfinder International Tanzania.
Food insecurity and malnutrition is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. By introducing airtight bags and train small-scale farmers in better grain handling practices, food waste related to storage can be reduced in Tanzania.
Duke welcomed over 70 scholars and practitioners from 15 countries for the second annual Sustainable Energy Transitions Initiative (SETI) Meeting, May 9-11, 2017.
A government policy which encourages subsidies of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) stoves, or provides for households to buy these with credit, could reduce deforestation in Tanzania by nearly a half. This is according to research done by the Environment for Development centre (EfD) at the University of Dar es Salaam in 2016.
SETI (http://seti.duke.edu/) invites concept notes to seed collaborative research related to energy transitions. We particularly welcome proposals for work related to the SETI priority themes, including: Consequences of energy poverty, defined as a lack of reliable access to electricity and other modern fuels Drivers of the energy transition in low- and middle-income contexts, including lessons from past experiences Impacts of energy transitions at various scales (households, firms, and the regional and global environment) Policy levers and solutions to speed the energy transition; and analysis of their effectiveness Notable gaps in research on energy transitions
We are very pleased to announce that the second meeting of the Sustainable Energy TransitionsInitiative (SETI) will take place May 9-11 at Duke University (Durham, NC).
Duke Kunshan University is now accepting applications for the new international Master of Environmental Policy (iMEP) Program. The iMEP program is a two-year degree offered jointly by Duke’s Sanford School of Public Policy and Nicholas School of the Environment. Students will study core courses in both environmental management and public policy at Duke Kunshan University (China) and Duke University (United States). We would really appreciate it if you could share this information with people who might be interested.
Two Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) on Water Supply and Sanitation Policy in Developing Countries
On January 29th 2017 the Alliance Manchester Business School at the University of Manchester (UK) will launch a sequence of two Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) on Water Supply and Sanitation Policy in Developing Countries, taught by Professor Dale Whittington and Dr Duncan Thomas.
In spite of much development progress in Tanzania, the people of this East African country still continue to struggle with many core threats to their prosperity: poverty, disease, aid dependency, the dearth of infrastructure, and corruption.
Produce from small-scale farms is a mainstay for most Tanzanian households, and the ecosystem services provided by wild pollinators play a central role in their productivity.
The Department of economics, University of Dar es Salaam in collaboration with the East African Social Science Translation (EASST) at CEGA-UC Berkeley and Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund (SIEF ) at the World Bank organized the 2016 East Africa Impact Evaluation Workshop and Evidence Summit that was hosted at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania from July 12-14, 2016 .
Dr. Byela Tibesigwa and Prof. Kassim Kulindwa were nominated by , the Tanzania Focal Point for the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA), Mr. Geofrey Bakanga based at the Vice President’s office to represent Tanzania’s Natural Capital Accounting (NCA) efforts at the GDSA workshop in Nairobi, held from June 21-23 2016.
Remidius Ruhinduka, a lecturer and EfD research fellow at the University of Dar Es Salaam, participated in a short-term visiting fellowship with CEGA-EASST at UC Berkeley from April 18-22, 2016. Over the course of the week, Dr. Ruhinduka was able to meet with CEGA faculty across UC Berkeley and Stanford University to discuss research and potential avenues for collaboration.
A workshop for researchers and decision makers organized by the Environment for Development Initiative in Tanzania (EfDT) on 29th February, 2016 was of great interest and success. The aim of the workshop was to provide a platform for interaction with stakeholders by opening up discussions on research and policy issues in Tanzania.
On January 29th , 2016 the EfDT secretariat organized the policy interaction and dissemination workshop that was held at Hazina square, Ministry of Finance, in Dodoma, a capital city of Tanzania which is about 460 km from Dar es Salaam. The workshop was organized to present four research papers and one report falling within Environmental Economics and poverty.
Charcoal use from cooking can be reduced by half if Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves are subsidized. A consequence would be reduced premature deaths due to indoor air pollution, as well as saved forests in Eastern Africa.
The University of Dar es Salaam organized a Research Week exhibition that was held in March 2015. This was organized in order to increase visibility of the output of UDSM academic staff in the area of research and its contribution in solving national problems. The event was the first of its kind as each unit participated. It was organized at two levels; namely unit (Colleges/Schools/Institutes) level and university level. The theme of research week was “Utilization of Research Results for Improved Livelihood”.
To make hydroelectric power work better in rural communities, EfD Tanzania researchers decided to have in-depth contact with the grassroots through community-based and civil society organizations. Findings from a study on management of the hydropower plants in the southern highlands region show that rural electrification has proven to boost farmers’ earnings: Electric power increases the processing and value addition of agricultural products, which helps farmers fetch premium market prices.
Legislation aimed at reducing smoking and tobacco leaf production will curb the adverse health and welfare effects of cigarettes and tobacco consumption. This was stated by EfD Tanzania researchers at a workshop about economic effects of cigarette and tobacco production that brought together researchers, government officers, journalists and faith based organizations.
"This very readable book on Forest Tenure Reform in Asia and Africa looks at different countries’ strategies to use tenure innovations to manage forest resources. An especially interesting contribution is the comparison of China’s privatization of forest rights to the community-based forestry management approach in other developing countries," says Peter Berck, Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy, S.J. Hall Professor of Forestry, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
Tanzanian newspapers Raia Tanzania and Raia Mwema reported from the EfD Policy Day held on the 22 October 2014 in Dar es Salaam. Ola Olsson, Professor of Development Economics at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, was interviewed. The Minister of State in the Vice President's Office for Environment, Binillith Satano Mahenge was quoted, and so was Gunnar Köhlin, EfD Director.
The Environment for Development Tanzania (EfDT) conducted EfD’s Policy Day during the 8th EfD Annual Meeting, held on the 22 October 2014, at Golden Tulip Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The main theme of this conference was “From Gold Rush to Gas Gust: Tanzania in Search for Better Way of Natural Gas Use for Sustainable Human Development”.
There has been much debate about the climate implications of increased natural gas usage. While it is true that natural gas burns cleaner than other fossil fuels, (the carbon dioxide per unit of energy may be around half that of coal), methane leaking during the production, delivery and use of natural gas has the potential to undo much of the greenhouse gas benefits we think we’re getting when natural gas is substituted for other fuels. The good news is that leaks can be detected, measured and reduced. Jonathan Camuzeaux, Senior Economic Analyst at Environmental Defense Fund, will present lessons learnt from EDF’s work in the U.S. and potential implications for Tanzania at the EfD Policy Day.
In an effort to gauge the appropriate entrance and conservation fees for three southern African nature reserves, researchers associated with the EfD center at University of Cape Town’s Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU) in South Africa have analyzed results from recent surveys conducted in Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, Kenya’s Maasai-Mara National Reserve, and the Kruger National Park in South Africa.
Will gas and minerals bless or curse Tanzania and other natural resource rich countries in Africa? “Transparency is crucial to avoid devastating scenarios. Governments should publish all revenues, whereas firms should publish all payments they make to governments for natural resources. So the people can judge whether revenues are used for sustainable development,” said Professor Ola Olsson, University of Gothenburg, in his key note speech at EfD Policy Day in Tanzania Oct 22, 2014.
Rural electrification has provided to be efficient driver in promoting value addition particularly of agricultural products that helped farmers to fetch premium market price.
University dons have warned over the risk of the current oil and gas industry development focusing on short term gains alone, saying such a trend might cause long term damage in terms of revenues, contracts and licenses given to companies as well as exports promotion
New deadline for EfD's 2015 proposal submission is June 1, 2014. All proposals must be presented in the respective EfD Center Workshops before submission.
Charcoal is the most commonly used cooking fuel for urban households in Tanzania. But charcoal use has complex implications for climate change, poverty, and health.
In a brief interview with UNU-Wider Wisdom Akpalu, Associate Professor of Economics at SUNY-Farmingdale, NY, shares his view on the effectiveness of development knowledge aid and the impact of the “Gothenburg mafia” on Africa. A maybe misleading expression which relates to Wisdom himself and his former PhD colleagues who studied at the Environmental Economics Unit of the Economics Department at Gothenburg University.
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania has appointed Prof. Adolf Mkenda, a fellow of the EfD, to serve as Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance in charge of policy.
A child was killed by bees, and the fish did not survive. These were two sad outcomes of the investments in beehives and fishponds as alternative income sources for fishermen in marine protected areas in Tanzania.
EfD research fellow Dr Elizabeth Robinson from the School of Agriculture, Policy and Development at the University of Reading has been appointed to sit on Defra's Economic Advisory Panel which provides advice, support and new research insights to Defra's economists and policymakers.
Four years ago, Razack Lokina, Research Fellow and Director of EfD Tanzania, took the initiative to establish a research policy board for his EfD Center. The aim was to facilitate transfer of research findings to decision makers and other stakeholders, as well as to bring in ideas about what types of research are actually needed by society. One of the direct results of the establishment of the board is the EfD participation in the review of Tanzania´s National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (2005-2010) commonly abbreviated as MKUKUTA in Kiswahili. The ideas to further enhance research policy dialogue are abundant.
Research on energy demand in developing countries is important for many reasons. The existing widespread use of solid energy sources (e.g. fuelwood, dung, charcoal, coal, leaves, twigs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in the developing world in general, has a number of environmental implications. Deforestation, disturbance in watersheds, indoor air pollution and loss of biodiversity are some to mention. On the other hand, climbing the “energy ladder” has implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, understanding the pattern of household energy demand and its implications on the environment is crucial to formulate appropriate energy policies that affect household welfare, local environment and climate change.
Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan African countries. In this regard, adaptation mechanisms to climate change play a paramount role in reducing the impact on agricultural productivity and food security. With this motivation, the EfD-EEU in Gothenburg, hosted a first collaborative research workshop on the theme “adaptation to climate change in African agriculture” in Gothenburg, Sweden, February 9-10, 2012.
This Briefing Report about the EfD Side-Event to the UN Climate Change Conference in Durban 2011 is authored by Mark Purdon, University of Toronto/EfD Research Associate.