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2012-11-06 | Peer Reviewed

Providing Economic Incentives for Biodiversity Conservation in an Emerging Bioregional Context

Muchapondwa Edwin, Harry Biggs, Amanda Driver, Frank Matose, Eric Mungatana and Kelly Scheepers, 2012, “Using Economic Incentives to encourage Conservation in Bioregions in South Africa”, Journal of Sustainable Development 5 (11), 118-129.
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Many protected areas are not successfully conserving biodiversity, often despite adequate management within their borders. Changes in land use outside protected areas can alter ecological function inside protected areas and result in biodiversity loss given that protected areas are almost always parts of larger ecosystems. Economic incentives are seen as one of the most promising avenues to influence conservation goals.

This
paper deals with enabling these in the now commonly accepted notion of
bioregional landscape management. We suggest a holistic framework to help
understand where and how such incentives may function. We then discuss a range
of desired incentives, and relate as many of these as possible to potential
underlying institutional changes. Without going into country-specific details,
several southern African examples are used, all the while relating both principles
and examples to bioregionalism. We conclude that incentives for bioregional
conservation in southern Africa are far more likely to succeed if key
institutions can be introduced.