Turpie, Jane, Benjamin Warr and Jane Carter Ingram. 2015. “Benefits of forest ecosystems in Zambia and the role of REDD+ in a green economy transformation”
The main objective of the study was to assess the economic value of Zambia’s forest ecosystem services. The study estimates that, when ecosystem services provided by forests are accounted for, forests make a direct contribution to the national economy equivalent to about 4.7% of gross domestic product (GDP), which rises to 6.3% with the application of multiplier effects.