Robinson, Elizabeth J Z, Ajay Kumar Mahaputra and Heidi J. Albers. 2009. “Optimal Enforcement and Practical Issues of Resource Protection in Developing Countries.” EfD Discussion Paper 09.
This paper relates principle findings in the optimal economic enforcement literature to practical issues of enforcing and managing forest and wildlife access restrictions in developing countries.
The authors identified large gaps in the theoretical literature that limit its usefulness for practical management, particularly regarding limited funding and cost recovery, multiple layers of enforcement, different incentives faced by enforcers, and conflict between protected-area managers’ job requirements and rural people’s needs.