Ho, Mun, Dale Jorgenson, Ruoen Ren, Linlin Sun and Ximing Yue. 2009. “Industrial and Aggregate Measures of Productivity Growth in China.” Review of Income and Wealth 55:1: 485-513.
We estimate productivity growth for 33 industries covering the entire Chinese economy using a time series of input-output tables covering 1982-2000.
Capital input is measured using detailed investment data by asset and labor input uses demographic information from household surveys. We find a wide range of productivity performance at the industry level. We then show how these industry growth accounts may be consistently aggregated to deliver a decomposition of aggregate GDP growth. For the 1982-2000 period aggregate TFP growth was 2.5 percent per year; decelerating from a rapid rate in the early 1980s to negative growth during 1994-2000. The main source of growth during the 1982-2000 period was capital accumulation, with a small negative contribution from the reallocation of factors across industries.