Bluffstone, Randall and Thomas Sterner. 2006. “Explaining Environmental Management in Central and Eastern Europe.” Comparative Economic Studies 48:4: 619-640.
The paper analyzes the adoption of various environmental management systems (EMS) by industrial firms in Central and Eastern Europe approximately eight years after economic transitions began.
Of special interest are the effects of privatization, export orientation, public pressure and environmental regulation on adoption. Using logit regression models it is found that several transition and environmental regulatory factors spur EMS adoption. Better environmental regulatory systems and anticipation of more stringent future regulation appear to encourage EMS. Public information regarding firms’ pollution emissions, foreign direct investment and export dependency also appear to be important, but there is no evidence that firm ownership is related to EMS adoption.