Bezu, Sosina and Christopher Barrett. 2012. “Employment Dynamics in the Rural Nonfarm Sector in Ethiopia: Do the Poor Have Time on Their Side?.” Journal of Development Studies 48:9: 1223-1240.
We study rural employment transitions in Ethiopia between farming and both low- and high-return nonfarm employment.
We find that initial asset holdings and access to saving and credit are important factors for transition into high-return rural nonfarm employment and that households' participation in high-return rural nonfarm activities is robust to their experience of health shocks. However, shocks that affect their wealth or liquidity may trigger descents into low-return nonfarm employment. On the other hand, shocks that reduce agricultural income motivate transitions into high-return rural nonfarm employment.