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2013-01-23 | EfD Discussion Paper

The Dynamics of Electric Cookstove Adoption: Panel Data Evidence from Ethiopia

Alem, Yonas, Gunnar Köhlin and Sied Hassen. 2013. “The Dynamics of Electric Cookstove Adoption: Panel Data Evidence from Ethiopia.” Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series EfD DP 13-03.
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Previous studies on improved cookstove adoption in developing countries use cross-sectional data, which makes it difficult to control for unobserved heterogeneity and investigate what happens to adoption over time.

We use robust non-linear panel data and hazard models on three rounds of panel data from urban Ethiopia to investigate the determinants and dynamics of electric cookstove adoption. We find the price of electricity and firewood, and access to credit as major determinants of adoption and transition. Our findings have important implications for policies aiming at promotion of energy transition and reduction of the pressure on forest resources in developing countries.