Mekonnen, Alemu and Gunnar Köhlin. 2008. “Determinants of Household Fuel Choice in Major Cities in Ethiopia.” EfD Discussion Paper 08.
This paper examines the multiple fuel choices of urban households in major Ethiopian cities, using panel data collected in 2000 and 2004. The results suggest that as urban and rural households’ total expenditures rise, they use more types of fuels (including wood) and spend more on the fuels consumed. The results also support arguments that multiple fuel use better describes the fuel-choices of households in developing countries, as opposed to the idea that households switch to more expensive but cleaner fuels as incomes rise.