Bezu, Sosina and Stein Holden. 2008. “Can food-for-work encourage agricultural production? .” Food Policy 33:6: 541-549.
Food-for-work (FFW) is the most widely used type of public works program in Ethiopia through which a high share of the food aid is distributed.
This paper assesses the impacts of FFW in Tigray, a chronically food insecure region in Ethiopia, in terms of relieving liquidity constraints and thereby improving input use in agriculture. A Heckman selection model on the adoption and intensity of fertilizer use demonstrated that FFW positively influenced the decision to adopt fertilizer and there was no evidence of disincentive effect.