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2012-05-31 | Peer Reviewed

Biofuels in developing countries: Are comparative advantages enough?

Doku , Angela and Salvatore Di Falco. 2012. “Biofuels in developing countries: Are comparative advantages enough?.” Energy Policy 44: 101-117.
Download reference Doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.01.022

This paper investigates the role of comparative advantage on biofuel policy adoption.

Results show that different countries have different drivers to create biofuel policies. GDP proves to be more significant for OECD countries, while arable land and feedstock prices are more significant for non-OECD countries. Land allocation may also be of importance. We speculate that a naturally endowed comparative advantage may not necessarily equate to a successful biofuel industry.