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  • Postdoc Researcher

Habla, Wolfgang

Wolfgang is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Economics and funded by Formas COMMONS.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Krupnick, Alan

Alan Krupnick is a senior fellow at Resources for the Future.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Siikamäki, Juha

Juha Siikamäki's research focuses on evaluating the benefits, costs, and cost-effectiveness of different environmental policy options.

  • Research Associate

Kyriakopoulou, Efthymia

Efthymia Kyriakopoulou is a Research Fellow at the Environmental Economics Unit, University of Gothenburg and Visiting Researcher at the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Roy

  • Research Associate

Ostrom, Elinor

Elinor Ostrom was Distinguished Professor, Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science, and Senior Research Director of theWorkshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington; and Founding Director, Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, Arizona State University.

  • Research Associate

Cox, Michael

Michael Cox is a Postdoc at the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University.

  • Research Associate

Nordblom, Katarina

Katarina Nordblom is an associate professor and currently the Head of Department at the Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Lampi, Elina

Elina Lampi is an associate professor at the Environmental Economics Unit, Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Coria, Jessica

Jessica Coria is an associate professor at the Department of Economics at the University of Gothenburg.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Johansson-Stenman, Olof

Olof Johansson-Stenman's current research interest is largely about behavioral, environmental and public economics, and about exploring deviations from the purely selfish, rational and atomist

  • Senior Research Fellow

Fischer, Carolyn

Carolyn Fischer is a senior fellow at Resources for the Future and currently a Marie Skłodowska–Curie Fellow of the European Commission, visiting at the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) in Venic

  • Senior Research Fellow

Löfgren, Åsa

Åsa Löfgren is Associate Professor and Assistant Head of Department at the Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.

  • Research Associate

Stage, Jesper

Jesper Stage was Research Officer for the EfD initiative from January 2007 until July 2008.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Eggert, Håkan

Håkan Eggert is Associate professor at the Department of Economics and Chairman of the undergraduate environmental social science program and of the masters program in environmental management and

  • Senior Research Fellow and International Research Associate

Carlsson, Fredrik

Fredrik Carlsson is a professor of economics at the Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.

  • International Research Associate

Blackman, Allen

Allen is Principal Economic Advisor to the Climate and Sustainable Development Sector at the Inter-American Development Bank.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Sterner, Thomas

Thomas Sterner is a professor of environmental economics in Gothenburg and a university fellow at RFF, in 2012-2013 he was on sabbatical leave from Gothenburg and worked as Chief Economist at

  • EfD Director and Senior Research Fellow

Köhlin, Gunnar

Gunnar Köhlin is the Director of Environment for Development – a global network of environmental economics’ centers. He is also an Associate Professor at the Environmental Economics Unit, Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.

27th Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE)

EfD in Ethiopia will be represented in the 27th Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE). Dr Zenebe Gebreegziabher will be presenting a paper entitled "Institutions and Sustainable Land Use: the Case of Forest and Grazing Lands in Northern Ethiopia" at the conference. The theme of the conference is "The Global Landscape of Agriculture".


One-child policy in China

The objectives of this field study are: (1) to implement a set of experiments to investigate the effect of the one-child policy on; (2) to collect data of peoples’ back-ground and in particular if they were born right before or right after the policy was implemented. By implementing this experiment, it is possible to estimate the effect of the policy in a set of preferences such as cooperativeness, risk attitudes and time consistency.


Valuation and effects of the congestion charge in Beijing

This project about the congestion charge in Beijing is in three parts. Each part will look at different aspects of the congestion charge, one is on valuation of travel time, the other will analyse the effects of the congestion charge policy on different commuting modes and the experiment is on hypothetical bias and individuals stated preferences in transportation studies. 


Social Learning, Gender, and Willingness-to-pay for Solar Lanterns

This project is an attempt to better understand the effects of social networks on the diffusion and adoption of new technologies. In particular, we investigate if having friends or relative that had a chance to experience solar lanterns for their personal use increases an individual's willingness to pay for a solar lantern.


Water studies in Kenya

In Kenya we are carrying out a series of water related projects. In one project we study the Nairobi Water Company that is considering a water tariff reform. Another study is on rural water source choice and the main objective of this research is to generate information that can inform the evolution of improved water management policies in Kenya.


Managing habitat exchanges for multiple ecosystem services

Our focus in this project is on the interactions between multiple eco-services programs, e.g., between: two offsets programs aimed to lower costs for different eco-services; two payments programs to increase different eco-services; or one offsets program and one payments program that are each targeting a different eco-service.


Fairness versus efficiency – how procedural concerns affect coordination in a Volunteer’s Dilemma

This research project will study if and how procedural fairness concerns affect coordination such as in the provision on threshold public goods. The provision of such goods can be modeled as a coordination game with several, non-pareto-rankable equilibria. Without any additional mechanisms, coordination on an efficient equilibrium has proven to be difficult: Who should contribute, and how much? For example, in the case where the contribution of one individual is enough to provide the public good: Who should be the volunteer?


Do the Poor Overweigh Low Probability Events?

In this project, we implement carefully designed field experiments in urban Tanzania to investigate if poor households do overweigh low-probability events. We also investigate time preference behaviors of the same subjects.


Dishonesty behavior: a natural field experiment with Tanzanian farmers

In this project, our research question is: What is the level of dishonesty in an anonymous natural field experiment and are norms activated that reduces the level of dishonesty from any of the two treatments? We conduct a natural field experiment and the subjects are Tanzanian farmers that were interviewed on farming activities and socio-economic conditions and participated in risk and time preference experiments.


    Developing a Common Social-Ecological Systems Framework

    This project contributes to an effort to develop such a common framework, or meta-theoretical language, which can be used by scholars in a consistent fashion to facilitate such comparisons and subsequent generalization and theory-building.


      Scaling up Common-Pool Resource Theory

      This project is designed to build on previous synthetic work at the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis. It involves a group of 14 scholars collaborating to conduct a meta-analysis of cases of large-scale environmental governance to examine whether common-pool resource theories can help to explain outcomes at large scales.


      Strategic ignorance in purchasing decisions

      The aim of this project is twofold. First, by testing the theory of strategic ignorance in real purchase decisions, we analyze whether the existing lab results are transferable to everyday decisions of consumers. Second, if evidence is found in favor of strategic ignorance, it can have important implications for environmental policy because it sheds light on the efficiency of information provision to consumers by using for example eco- labels and certifications.


      A malaria project in Kenya

      The project includes two studies. One project is on possible differences in subjective and objective risks in four different zones with different malaria exposure, and whether a person´s subjective risk can explain his/her use of bed nets. The other is on the problem of resistance in malaria medication.


      Applying the social-ecological system framework to the diagnosis of urban lake commons in Bangalore, India

      Abstract: The south Indian city of Bangalore provides a challenging yet representative context within which to examine issues of governance of urban social-ecological commons. The city was once famous for its numerous large water bodies, which have witnessed tremendous encroachment and pollution in recent years. These water bodies, called tanks or lakes, were typically managed by adjacent village communities but are now administered by a number of government departments involved with aspects of lake management, with multiple overlapping jurisdictions.


      Polycentric governance of multifunctional forested landscapes

      Abstract: Human-induced causes of forest change occur at multiple scales. Yet, most governance mechanisms are designed at a single level – whether international, national, regional or local – and do not provide effective solutions for the overarching challenge of forest governance.


      Coevolving Relationships between Political Science and Economics

      Abstract: During the last 50 years, at least four interdisciplinary developments have occurred at the boundaries of political science and economics that have affected the central ques- tions that both political scientists and economists ask, the empirical evidence amassed as a new foundation for understanding political economies, and new questions for fu- ture research. These include: (1) the Public Choice Approach, (2) the Governance of the Commons debate, (3) New Institutional Economics, and (4) Behavioral Approaches to Ex- plaining Human Actions.


      Individual status quo modelling for a rural water service in Rwanda: application of a choice experiment

      Abstract: In Rwanda, rural water supply is not uniformly distributed. Rural areas are characterized by differences in the distance to the nearest water point and in water quality for domestic water, by watering frequency and water availability for irrigation water, and by the price for both. A household's perception of further improvements in water supply will, therefore, depend heavily on the situation it currently faces. The authors used a choice experiment to model how the individual status quo (SQ) affects preferences.


      The Green Paradox and Interjurisdictional Competition across Space and Time

      Abstract: This paper demonstrates that unintended effects of climate policies (Green Paradox effects) also arise in general equilibrium when countries compete for mobile factors of production (capital and resources/energy). Second, it shows that countries have a rationale to use strictly positive source-based capital taxes to slow down resource extraction. Notably, this result comes about in the absence of any revenue requirements by the government, and independently of the elasticity of substitution between capital and resources in production.


      Is Eco-Certification a Win–Win for Developing Country Agriculture? Organic Coffee Certification in Colombia

      Abstract: According to advocates, eco-certification is a win–win solution to the problem of environmental degradation caused by developing country agriculture, improving both the environmental and the economic performance of farmers. However, these notional benefits can be undercut by the tendency of relatively wealthy farmers already meeting eco-certification standards to disproportionately participate.


      The Political Economy of Mitigation and Adaptation

      Abstract: In this paper, we acknowledge that the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change have differential fiscal impacts. Whereas mitigation typically raises fiscal revenues, adaptation is costly to the taxpayer and to a greater extent the more distortionary the tax system is. In an OLG model with majority voting, we analyze how the choices of mitigation and adaptation are distorted under a lump-sum and a distortionary income tax regime.


      An Analysis of Costs and Health Co-Benefits for a U.S. Power Plant Carbon Standard

      Abstract: Reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from power plants can have important "co-benefits" for public health by reducing emissions of air pollutants. Here, we examine the costs and health co-benefits, in monetary terms, for a policy that resembles the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plan. We then examine the spatial distribution of the co-benefits and costs, and the implications of a range of cost assumptions in the implementation year of 2020.


      Influence and choice shifts in households: An experimental investigation

      Abstract: In this paper, we examine the relative influence of individual decisions on joint household decisions, and whether and to what extent joint choices are more or less patient than individual choices in households. We find that both spouses have a significant influence on joint decisions, whereas husbands on average have a stronger influence than wives. Moreover, we find a substantial share of choice shifts from individual to joint household decisions, i.e. joint decisions are either more patient or more impatient than both individual choices.


      Strategic Delegation and International Permit Markets: Why Linking May Fail

      Abstract: We analyze a typical principal-agent relationship in the context of international climate policy, in which the principals of two countries first decide whether to merge their domestic emission permit markets to form an international market. In the second stage, they delegate the decision on domestic permit supply to an agent. We find that principals have an incentive to select agents who care less for environmental damages than they do themselves.


      Water Demand by Unconnected Urban Households in Rwanda

      Abstract: In this paper, we analyze water demand by urban households in Rwanda who currently lack a piped connection into their home. The analysis uses data from a cross-sectional survey. The results show that public taps are the most widely used water source and that the demand for water from this source is more inelastic than that for water from other water sources. Although some households combine different sources of water, the majority in the sample uses only one source.


      Gendered food security in rural Malawi: why is women's food security status lower?

      Abstract: Gendered food security gaps between female- and male-headed households (FHHs and MHHs) can be decomposed into two sets of components: those explained by observable differences in levels of resource use, and those due to unobserved differences affecting the returns to the resources used. Employing exogenous switching ordered probit and binary probit regression models, this paper examines the gendered food security gap and its causes in rural Malawi.


      Why Do Environmental Taxes Work Better in Developed Countries?

      Abstract: We compare of  the  performance  of  emission  taxes  between  Colombia  and  Sweden in an experimental  setting  where  subjects are regulated  through  environmental  taxes  and  had  to decide on emission levels, compliance behavior, and adoption of an environmentally friendly technology.  Our  design  allows  us  to  analyze  the  role of variations  in  the  stringency  of  the policy  enforcement&nbsp