Climate change in addition to food insecurity is among the key problems facing Nigeria. In fact scientific evidence shows that climate change is affecting grain yield in Nigeria. Also, Nigeria is currently ranked 84th out of 119 countries on the 2017 global hunger index. Therefore, there is need to evolve evidence-based policies to tackle climate change and enhance food security. Climate-smart agricultural (CSA) technologies, practices and services are proven means of reducing green house gas emissions and enhancing food production.
To formulate and strengthen policy initiatives to enhance CSA, this study estimates the determinants of use of climate smart agricultural practices in Nigeria and the impact of use on farmer’s net revenue and poverty (measured as expenditure per capita). Three CSA agricultural practices we will consider are having/planting trees (agroforestry), irrigation, and mixed cropping/intercropping with legume (cowpea).
We will use data from the Nigeria General Household Survey (GHS) panel data from 2011 - 2016 to find the impact of the use of CSA practices on net crop revenue and its variability and poverty measured as expenditure per capita.