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2015-10-15 | project

Climate Change, Agricultural Adaptation and Food Security in Kenya

The goal of this study is to support poverty reduction through assessing the linkages between climate change, adaptation and food security; and propose probable policy recommendations to improve food security in face in climate change.

To design policy measures for alleviating food poverty, food insecurity, adaptation and improve the general welfare of Kenyan households, it is important to understand the linkages between natural resources, climate change and economic development in Kenya.T he first objective of this study will thereforeassess the influence on climate change on the value of farm output. The second and third objectives will assessfactors influencing adaptation, and the impact of adaptation to climate change on food security in Kenya, respectively. There is a dearth of literature on this nexus and to the best of our knowledge, these linkages have not been explored in Kenya.

This will be a country wide study and to address the first objective, we propose to utilize 3 nationally representative household survey datasets (1994, 1997 and 2006) to construct a pseudo panel of 1000 communities. The analysis will follow the hedonic panel data approach by Deschenes and Greenstone (2007) and Massetti and Mendelsohn (2011) but also use sum of edible calories from farmed crops as a proxy for food security following (Roberts and Schlenker, 2009). For the second and third objectives we will adopt the endogenous switching regression model (Di Falco, Veronesi and Yesuf 2011). For this purpose, we propose to use two datasets- the 2005/2006 Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey (KIHBS). We also propose to use household survey data for about 700 households from 38 districts collected as part of a regional climate change project in 2004/5.