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Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology

Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.


Cleaning the air: good policies against bad air quality?

Medellin, the second largest city in Colombia, is located in the Aburrá Valley and exhibits the lowest level of air quality of the country due to PM2.5 (IDEAM, 2016).The topographic characteristics, meteorological conditions and anthropogenic emissions facilitate pollutant accumulation in the air of the Aburrá Valley.


    Energy and Development: A Systematic Review

    Energy has been called the “golden thread” connecting economic growth, social equity, and environmental sustainability—but what do we know about the drivers and impacts of energy transitions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)? To answer this question, the Sustainable Energy Tr


    Economics of domestic water reform in Ho Chi Minh city: water demand, preferences for tariff structure and distributional effects

    In this study, we propose to examine the impacts of water tariff increase on the demand for tap water and ground water simultaneously. Results of this study will provide information for the design of water tariff as well as suggest alternative policies in encouraging water conservation behavior. The study is expected to contribute to a more sustainable water governance in HCMC.


    Female microenterprise creation and business models for private sector distribution of low-cost renewable off-grid LED lighting

    The overall goal of this project it to evaluate whether different business models effectively scale up the distribution of affordable renewable lighting to the poorest of the poor in developing country contexts. It also aims to evaluate the impact of empowering females in poor rural villages via participation in renewable energy enterprises and spillover effects on households’ welfare.


    Can protected areas reduce the vulnerability to climate related disasters?

    The main goal of this project is to test whether protected areas (PAs) reduce the likelihood of climate related disasters such as floods, landslides and storms, in Costa Rica and Honduras. This evaluation study is expected to provide empirical evidence on the role of PAs in providing hydrological services to avoid the occurrence and damages of floods and landslides as a consequence of extreme weather events.


      Off-grid in Nepal: Heterogeneity in Electricity Services and Enterprise Development

      Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.


        Waste Not: Can Biogas Deliver Sustainable Development?

        Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.


          Incentives for increased use of clean cookstoves (Cambodia)

          We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.


            Prices, Peers, and Perceptions (P3)

            The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.


              The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia

              Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.


              Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology

              This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.


              Chinese Residential Energy Consumption Survey (CRECS)

              The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016.  The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.


              Shifting Households in China from Black Energy to Greener Energy

              As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.


                One-off Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Senegal

                This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options


                Characterization of energy use in Central America: households choices and opportunities to promote energy transition initiatives in low and middle-income countries

                While developed countries are increasing their reliance on renewable energy sources, low and middle-income countries maintain their energy matrix on conventional fuels and natural resources, increasing their energy dependency and unsustainable use of natural resources to respond to a growing population and emerging economy.


                Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation

                The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.


                Air quality and household welfare in Asian mega-cities

                The goal of this project is to generate evidence on households' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality in urban Asia. This evidence is both critically important and timely because numerous cities in Asia now have alarming levels of air pollution.


                Impacts on water consumption and welfare effects from appliances selection & pricing policies under an increasing block pricing structure in the residential sector

                This study analyzes residential water demand by modeling both the effects of water prices and appliance portfolios selection on households’ water demands and welfare in the cities of San Jose and Addis Ababa. The results will be relevant inputs for the design of demand side water management policies.


                  Does Decentralized Management of Irrigation ensure Efficient Use of Water? Evidence from India

                  In this project, we will determine whether and how decentralized management of irrigation systems in India may help achieve efficient extraction and distribution of water in agriculture. Our goal in this project is to shed light on the institutional mechanisms behind efficient management of water use in irrigation and thereby understanding how we can manage this crisis better.