CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: In informal settlements and lower income homes in Cape Town, most household water use is for doing laundry. However, in the middle class suburbs, it’s mostly for showering and topping up swimming pools. This finding, from a recent municipal survey in five suburbs across South Africa’s ‘mother city’, underpins an ongoing drive to educate city residents about their water use patterns, in order to urge behaviour change.
CAPE TOWN: South Africa’s bigger cities get a large amount of their revenue from the sale of electricity and water to consumers. And owing to the pricing structure of these services, cities earn more from large-volume users, and use this revenue to cross-subsidise smaller volume users, who often fall in lower income communities.
EfD Kenya in collaboration with the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis – (KIPPRA) held its Research Day on March 3rd 2016, at the Nairobi Safari Club, Nairobi.
On Thursday March 10, the Embassy attended the annual meeting with the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC). ECRC officially launched in February 2015 after a year-and-half of ground work. Norway signed an agreement with Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) in June 2015 to support the establishment of the research center.
Climate aid promises to simultaneously reduce climate effects and combat poverty. Yet, to secure such double dividends, improved evaluations of the current aid interventions are needed.
The Annual World Bank Conference on land and poverty took place in Washington DC, USA on March 14-18. This year´s theme was: Scaling up responsible land governance.
The Vernon Smith Center for Experimental Economics hosted the 4th Antigua Experimental Economics Conference held on 26 and 27 February at the Casa Popenoe, Antigua Guatemala and EfD-CA researches were present as part of the speakers participating in the workshop sessions.
Back to back with the of ECRCs consultative workshop on their proposed five-year research program, the EfD secretariat invited one representative from each EfD center to Addis Abeba for a policy research review workshop.
EfD was presented as a solution model for working towards the UN 17 Sustainable Development Goals when the SDSN Northern Europe was launched on February 25-26. Particularly the Ethiopian EfD center, ECRC was highlighted as an example.
A workshop for researchers and decision makers organized by the Environment for Development Initiative in Tanzania (EfDT) on 29th February, 2016 was of great interest and success. The aim of the workshop was to provide a platform for interaction with stakeholders by opening up discussions on research and policy issues in Tanzania.
Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) presented its five-year research plan and program to stakeholders at a consultative workshop in Addis Ababa.
Local economics researchers have hailed the announcement this month that the City of Cape Town will reverse a decision to sell a section of the Princess Vlei wetland near Diep River to developers, who planned to build a shopping mall.
EfD-CA is part of the organizers of the VI SARA’s Institute Public Conferences series. Fellow researcher Matias Piaggio is part of the organizing team, this year’s theme of the conference is: “Seeking sustainable pathways for land use in Latin America.
On January 29th , 2016 the EfDT secretariat organized the policy interaction and dissemination workshop that was held at Hazina square, Ministry of Finance, in Dodoma, a capital city of Tanzania which is about 460 km from Dar es Salaam. The workshop was organized to present four research papers and one report falling within Environmental Economics and poverty.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA The water flowing down the Berg River, towards the Cape West Coast and Saldanha Bay, is the lifeblood of two competing sectors: heavy industry, and agriculture. But as demand for this limited resource grows, how do the water managers decide who gets access to it, when the water in the river is already fully allocated between existing users?
Juan Robalino participated in the Environment, Economics and You- Speaker Series Winter 2016 at Portland State University
Juan Robalino was part of the Environment, Economics and You -Speaker Series Winter 2016 with his presentation : Deforestation, Climate Change and Payments for Ecosystem Services. Robalino’s participation took place Wednesday, January 27, 2016 .
Academic research made a real connection with the lives of poor residents of Nairobi, Kenya, when the Nairobi City Water and Sewer Company’s decreased the price for water bought at public kiosks.
Since 2012, Yuanyaun Yi has been enrolled in the Global Change and Climate Economics program at the department of Economics, University of Gothenburg. However, her involvement with the EfD initiative goes back almost a decade. “My target is to bridge research in resources economics and policy-oriented outreach,” says Yuanyuan.
Charcoal use from cooking can be reduced by half if Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves are subsidized. A consequence would be reduced premature deaths due to indoor air pollution, as well as saved forests in Eastern Africa.
A member of the Chile EfD center was called as a national expert to integrate the FAO review of the Chilean Fisheries Law
The Environment for Development Initiative (EfD) has recently received the positive news of another five years of financial support from Sida, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. With the continued support, EfD is planning on extending the network.
EfD Research Director, Dr. Yonas Alem represented the EfD initiative at the International Growth Center’s Energy and Growth conference held in London, Nov 12-13, 2015.
Anglers along the South African coastline choose their fishing spots on the likelihood of catching the most fish, rather than how far they have to walk to get to the spot, or weather conditions. Knowing where these fishing ‘hotspots’ are could help authorities enforce catch limits, as line fish stocks have depleting dramatically in recent years.
Not all economists buy into the notion of the ‘resource curse’ - namely, that resource-rich countries end up with slower growth and stalled development, in spite of having bankable natural assets. Newly appointed associate professor Mare Sarr argues that principles of transparency, accountability and institutions are more important factors leading to whether countries use or abuse their natural wealth.
The University of Dar es Salaam organized a Research Week exhibition that was held in March 2015. This was organized in order to increase visibility of the output of UDSM academic staff in the area of research and its contribution in solving national problems. The event was the first of its kind as each unit participated. It was organized at two levels; namely unit (Colleges/Schools/Institutes) level and university level. The theme of research week was “Utilization of Research Results for Improved Livelihood”.
Natural spaces within city limits, such as wetlands or forests, can offer important support to cities in terms of helping to manage waste water, or slow down flood waters. But scientists shouldn’t over-sell certain of these ecosystem services when lobbying for their protection with city managers, because it could lead to greater pressure being put on these already over-pressured systems.
The beautiful Kogelberg coastline - a 100 km long stretch of towering mountains and craggy beaches about an hour’s drive east of Cape Town - and its surrounding tourist attractions are estimated to have a ‘recreational value’ of about US$27.2 million (ZAR272 million) annually.
Zimbabwe’s community-based conservation approach, which brings together peasant farmers in a tourism-focused approach to wildlife management, has not curbed poaching along the edge of protected areas as intended. And communities haven’t benefited as much from the income they hoped to gain from selling hunting licences, either.
Newly appointed professor Edwin Muchapondwa has travelled a long way since he left his home town of Bindura, near Harare, when he was eight years old. Over three decades later, the conservation and development challenges of rural Zimbabwe remain front and centre for the University of Cape Town (UCT) economist.
As part of its Third Annual Meeting, members of the CASCADE project, which is co-led by Conservation International (CI) and CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education), reviewed the overall progress of the initiative as well as the main results obtained in the different lines of research.
This year, for the first time ever, nearly all of the world’s countries are making pledges to help limit future climate change. As of October 1st, 147 countries, representing about 85 percent of global emissions, have submitted their “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions” (INDCs).
Newspaper highlights the work in State of the Nation Program of EfD Central America researchers Juan Robalino and Laura Villalobos
This past Thursday November 19th “La Nación” (the main newspaper in Costa Rica) published an article highlighting the work done for a special report about the impact evaluation of conservation policies that was written for the “State of the Nation Program" by EfD Central America researchers Juan Robalino and Laura Villalobos.
The Namibian government is considering whether or not to open up its offshore phosphate deposits for dredge mining. But before it does so, it wants to make a careful and considered decision based on independent analysis of the likely impacts on the environment, and how other competing industries might be affected.
Southern African states need to create the right policy, fight corruption and build infrastructure if they want tourism to thrive in their countries. By doing so, they will allow the economic development potential of the sector to trickle down to communities in a way that encourages inclusive and sustainable growth.
When ecotourism lodges employ people from within some remote communities in Southern Africa, they are often giving them their first permanent job. This highlights the importance of these staff being given adequate training as they fill their posts.
The EfD policy day brought together researchers and policy makers in discussions on improving transportation and forest policies with a focus on the Chinese context. The country has experienced a dramatic increase in economic growth during the past decades. One consequence has been a veritable explosion in the number of passenger cars increasing from 23 to 120 million in only ten years. Problems of air pollution and congestion have followed.The morning session was held against this background with inputs from Professor Daoli Zhu, Associate professors Ping Qin and Haitao Yin and Mike Toman of the World Bank.
When local communities in Ethiopia benefit financially from having access to state forests for harvesting timber and other products, they are more likely to invest in their children’s education and start up small businesses.
On October 29-30, 2015 ,Thomas Sterner, together with the French professor of economic theory and social organization at the Collège de France, Roger Guesnerie, hosted the climate workshop "Paris 2015 and beyond, cooling the climate debate" where several of the world's top climate economists participated.
Thomas Sterner has been appointed visiting professor 2015-16 at Collège de France, the most prestigious higher research institution in France.
The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics www.beijer.kva.se is announcing a new round of the Mäler Scholar competition. The institute is an international center of excellence at the interface of ecology and economics. It is based in the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden and has a small staff of researchers who work on a variety of ecological-economics issues. The scholarship is intended for early-career researchers in environmental economics from developing regions of the world who already have a PhD or are currently enrolled in a PhD program and will finish within 1-2 years. Preference is given to researchers affiliated with EfD centers and the four regional environmental economics networks—CEEPA, EEPSEA, LACEEP, and SANDEE. Others are welcome to apply. Deadline for applications is October 30.
How will people behave as they’re faced with the challenges of climate change? Will they work together to cut carbon emissions, in the interest of the greater good, or will they act in their own self-interest? And how much of a gamble will people take as they grapple with how to cope with living in a world where extreme weather events become the new ‘normal’?
Dr Kerri Brick recently won the prestigious Economic Society of South Africa (ESSA) prize for the best doctoral dissertation submitted in 2014. The Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU) fellow, based at the University of Cape Town’s School of Economics, submitted a thesis based on four papers which explore how people might respond to different aspects of the challenges which climate change presents society.
Since the Ethiopian government has changed the nature of forestry related property rights in order to allow communities in south-western Ethiopia to harvest timber and other resources in state forests, these communities have benefited from increased income as they now sell timber, wild coffee and honey.
When it comes to enforcing harvesting limits in forests in Ethiopia, it is more effective when communities monitor themselves, rather than when the state serves this function. But the cost of this monitoring needs to be kept low, if it is to be most successful.
The Environment for Development Central America Center (EfD Central America) hosted the EfD Annual Policy Interaction Workshop held September 16, 2015 at the Bougainvillea Hotel, Heredia, Costa Rica. This year’s theme was: "The role of Research for the Development of Policy on Water Resources and Climate Change".
It was a spontaneous turn off her intended route through Oxford 17 years ago, and into a side street, that led geographer Gina Ziervogel into the lobby of a building that would become the institutional home where she gained her doctorate, and launched her into a career that recently landed her a top research award here in South Africa.
EfD Central America Director contributes to capacity building and a dialogue on the Economy of Climate Change in Costa Rica
EfD Central America Director, Francisco Alpizar held a keynote speech in the “Capacity building and dialogue on the economy of climate change” Program in Costa Rica hosted by The Central America Academy, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the United Nations Development Programme.
Human beings are more complicated than early economists like to believe, and they make economic decisions based on factors that don’t necessarily boil down to money, argues Prof Martine Visser from the Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU) at the University of Cape Town (UCT).
The Latin America Green Awards recognize the 500 best projects of environmental practices in the region, and the Projects AC3 and CASCADE were recognized in this top 500. The event gets people to discover and celebrate that there are many ways to help the environment in the region.
For every one person employed by certain high-end tourism lodges in southern Africa, seven people benefit from the downstream flow of that income. Meanwhile, staff employed in these sorts of ventures help grow the local economy by spending their wages at community stores where they do their grocery shopping. Or they drive secondary employment through hiring people for child care or to tend their livestock while they work. Or they’re sending their children to school.