With the goal to “teach climate change to our future leaders,” Francisco Alpízar of Costa Rica and Erik Sterner Erik Sterner, doctoral candidate at Chalmers University, Sweden, introduced EfD’s international graduate program in Climate Change and Environmental Economics.
The cost of generating electricity from wind and solar power is falling so dramatically that low-carbon economic growth can become a reality in most parts of the world.
Turn on the water tap in Cape Town, South Africa in March, and nothing will come out. For the Environment for Development researchers at the University of Cape Town, there’s nothing faraway about their work to help the city conserve water during this drought emergency.
With a blunt warning that “the bad guys can’t hide anymore because we’re seeing them from the sky,” Kitty van der Heijden, Deputy Director of the World Resources Institute, told the 11th Annual Meeting of the EfD Initiative how the data revolution can be used to hold powerful interests accountable when they misuse natural resources.
Making a change from working as a farmer to starting a small business is sometimes a good choice, but it works best if it’s a real choice instead of a response to poor conditions on the farm.
Clean and reliable energy is a “golden thread” in sustainable development, according to experts who gathered at the EfD Policy Day Workshop in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on October 26, 2017. Kicking off EfD’s 11th annual meeting, Policy Day brought together researchers and government officials to discuss the theme of “Carbon pricing and energy transition in developing countries.”
Missing or imperfect markets in several economic sectors explain the reality of the economic problems in developing countries. A market failure in any sector can lead to inefficient allocation of resources and these failures are often resulted in an unequal distribution of income or wealth.
This year the EfD annual meeting will be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from: October 27-30, 2017. It is hosted by the Environment and Climate Research Center (EfD - Ethiopia) and the EfD Secretariat. The EfD annual meeting is a forum to bring together researchers from all EfD centers and their collaborators. EfD would also like to attract key stakeholders for exchange of research ideas. Updates for participants will be displayed here.
Energy is arguably one of the major challenges in developing countries. Much research has been done on energy production, consumption and access, however energy reliability has been given less focus.
Healthy natural landscapes such as veld, wetlands, rivers, and estuaries across South Africa generate value to the economy amounting to at least R275 billion per year, a new study by economists at the University of Cape Town (UCT) has found.
The Philippi Horticultural Area (PHA), a 3 000 hectare piece of green open space that is still zoned exclusively for agriculture within Cape Town’s urban sprawl, may take up space that could be used for housing, but its value to the city could well justify this, according to a University of Cape Town resource economist.
Turrialba, Costa Rica. This past 22nd of August, the EfD policy interaction workshop gathered host researchers, practitioners and decision-makers from the coffee sector, to present EEfD research and its contribution to policy discussions on agricultural and environmental issues.
A smart water metering device, developed by EPRU research associate Ass Prof Thinus Booysen from Stellenbosch University's Electrical & Electronic Engineering Department, features in The Conversation this month. The device 'measures and reports water use by the minute,' he writes in the Africa edition of the online magazine.
The Working Group in African Political Economy (WGAPE) is pleased to announce a special international meeting to be held January 26-28, 2018 at New York University-Abu Dhabi.
The Agriculture for Food Security 2030 (AgriFoSe2030) programme, a Swedish initiative, will conduct a training course for young Asian researchers on effective research-to-policy communication for agricultural development.
If Cape Town’s urban surfaces are designed to be porous and water-catching, it could help meet many of the city’s water needs through recharging the Cape Flats aquifer, while also helping to manage rainy season flooding and stormwater pollution challenges.
Dr. Aloyce Hepelwa EfDTanzania research fellow will participate to the 5th Nile Basin Development Forum (NBDF) that will take place in Kigali, Rwanda from 23 to 25th October, 2017 at Kigali Marriott Hotel. The Forum is organized by Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in collaboration with the Government of Rwanda and in partnership with Development Partners (BMZ/GIZ, BMU/GIZ and World Bank).
EfD Tanzania researchers, Dr. John Mduma and Dr. Wilhelm Ngasamiaku, in collaboration with researchers from University of Dar es Salaam and African Institute for Development Policy carried a study on Prospects and Challenges of Harnessing Demographic Dividend in Tanzania. The study was commissioned and funded under the USAID project titled Evidence to Action for Strengthening Reproductive Health through Pathfinder International Tanzania.
CASTRO, CHILE: Senior EfD researcher, Jorge Dresdner, and colleagues will report the results of a study, FIPA 2016-56, whose aim was to estimate the employment generated by Chilean mussel aquaculture insustry.
Jorge Dresdner from EfD Chile will participate in Workshop on Vulnerability to Climate Change of Chilean Salmoniculture
It is an interdisciplinary meeting to elaborate a methodological proposal to evaluate the vulnerability to climate change of salmon farming in Southern Chile.
Chilean EfD Researchers will have a large presence in the 9th Annual Meeting of SOCHER in Chillán, Chile
NENRE researchers: Marcela Jaime, Carlos, Chávez, Jorge Dresdner and Miguel Quiroga will attend the 9th Annual Meeting of Chilean Society of Regional Studies (SOCHER).
Chilean EfD center is organizing Workshop on Environmental and Natural Resource Economics and Short Course to Policy Makers
Research Nucleus in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics at the University of Concepción is organizing the Fifth Workshop on Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, 5th and 6th October 2017, and the Fourth Short course to policy makers on “Compliance and Enforcement of Environmental Policy and Management of Natural Resources”, 4th October 2017. It will take place at Termas de Catillo, Maule Region in Chile.
PORT ELIZABETH: The collapse of the local squid fishery on the south-east coast of South Africa in 2013 has prompted an international body of scientists and policymakers to meet this September. The group will bring together different research disciplines to discuss this small but high-value export fishery, which collapsed in the summer of 2013 and 2014.
Applauding people publicly for their successful efforts to reduce water use at home may be an effective means of driving water-wise behaviour across a city.
A new publication by prominent economists and lawyers argues that the current value is the “best estimate” of climate change’s costs.
The African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) In Partnership with GIZ and the World Bank are calling for Fellowships for a PhD specialization Course on Land Economics and Governance (Jan 7- Feb 11, 2018).
The Environmental and Climate Research Centers (ECRC) based at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) in collaboration with the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) organized 5 days participatory stakeholder mapping workshop from 26 - 30 June 2017 in Wukro city, Ethiopia.
Colombian magazine Dinero interviewed EfD Senior Researcher Francisco Alpizar about Green Growth as the New Key to Global Development, with a special focus on Colombia.
A Symposium on Green Growth and Economic Policy was held at Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá, July 18-19, 2017. The four main sessions of the symposium were: economic modeling; behavioral economics for green growth; circular economy and economic and financial instruments.
Small-scale, community-managed hydro power schemes in remote rural Kenya function well if they are run by strong leaders, and have firm rules for how the scheme should be managed. When members of the mini-grid system know they will be disconnected from the grid for breaking those rules, they tend to cooperate more willingly.
For the average rural Kenyan, having a fully charged mobile phone isn't just a luxury that allows them to make phone calls. It’s a complete office for running their small businesses. So when people have access to an electricity source that allows them to keep their phone batteries charged, it means the entire local economy benefits.
The mountainous countryside in Kenya is ideally suited for small-scale hydro power plants, particularly for communities that are too far from the national electrical grid, or where the infrastructure and connection costs are too high. But the government of this East African country has not exploited its hydro power opportunities, something which environmental economist Mary Karumba hopes to change as she returns to government service after completing her doctoral studies in South Africa.
Some thematic sessions during the EAERE conferences stand out for having a policy oriented goal in the tradition of the late David Pearce, or for being thematic. One such session on the 30th of June was entitled “The Trump Administration, Climate Change and the World”.
This year’s EAERE conference served as platform to showcase EfD’s research efforts. Including special sessions dedicated to specific initiatives such as the collaborative program from Duke University, The Sustainable Energy Transition Initiative (SETI).
Wilfred Nyangena, Senior Lecturer, School of Economics, University of Nairobi passed away on July 17th, 2017 after a long and brave struggle against cancer. Wilfred did his PhD in Environmental Economics at the University of Gothenburg and on his return to Kenya he became the founder and first director of EfD-Kenya.
The Environment for Development (EfD) Initiative is starting a selection procedure to expand their global research network with two additional centers in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The City of Cape Town has been working with EPRU to find an evidence-based answer to which methods are most effective in encouraging more prudent water use by the public. Prof Martine Visser, Dr Kerri Brick, and Johanna Brühl are behavioural economists at EPRU. The EPRU team was supported by Samantha De Martino from Sussex University, and Jorge Garcia from Cicero in Norway. The results assist the municipality to design policy that will help manage the city’s water supplies in an increasing climate change-stressed future. The study focuses on identifying which incentives best motivate households of different income levels to reduce their consumption.
President of Colombia and Nobel Peace Laurate 2016, Juan Manuel Santos, opened the 2017 SDRS Conference in Bogóta on June 14th. The theme of the conference was inclusive sustainability for development and engagement of academia, governments, communities and business.
EfD Colombia raises awareness on air pollution problems and the need for action to improve air quality in Medellin
During March 2017, the metropolitan area of the Aburra Valley, where Medellin (Colombia) is located, experienced critical air quality episodes that exceeded the air quality standard of PM2.5 for several days. The problem caught the attention of policy makers and academicians. EfD Colombia through its Research Group on Environmental, Natural Resource and Applied Economics Studies (REES) organized a seminar (April 3d) and a meeting (April 4th) with the environmental authorities to discuss the implementation of the warning system and the effectiveness of the transport policies to address the bad air quality events. These activities were organized by Clara Villegas, Sergio Orrego and Santiago Arango affiliated to Universidad Nacional – Medellin, members of REES.
When individuals in China get well-defined and protected property rights of using forest, conservation increases. So does people´s income from the forest. In particular when they have transfer rights to their forest land.
Africa’s cities growth might have kicked off a bit later than many other developing world countries, but they are growing fast. This presents an opportunity to do so in a way that creates ‘a more harmonious relationship between their natural and built environments. This is according to a new report by the World Bank, which concludes that ‘focused action is necessary’ in order to avoid ‘largely unchecked (negative) impacts on the natural environment, and the degradation of natural assets and ecosystems within African cities’.
Research findings from EfD-CA’s research project of the economic impact of diseases caused by air pollution were featured in national media such as La Nación newspaper and television news shows.
When temperatures climb above 26 degrees Celsius, high school students in Costa Rica are more likely to not attend lectures. The warmer it gets, the higher is the absentee rate.
Food insecurity and malnutrition is one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. By introducing airtight bags and train small-scale farmers in better grain handling practices, food waste related to storage can be reduced in Tanzania.
EfD Central America Senior Researcher Francisco Alpizar participated in the OECD-Ten Conference: Behavioural Science in Public Policy: Being Green, Consumer Centric and with well-Functioning Markets and Organizations and in the OECD 2017 Meeting: Nudging for Good, Responsibly.
Duke welcomed over 70 scholars and practitioners from 15 countries for the second annual Sustainable Energy Transitions Initiative (SETI) Meeting, May 9-11, 2017.
A South African research economist recently returned from a five-month sabbatical to British Columbia where he explored whether Canada’s approach to managing river salmon, and to a lesser extent sturgeon, could be replicated successfully for in-shore coastal fisheries management here.
In late June, 2017, EfD will formally launch its latest cross-center research initiative: the EfD Forest Collaborative (FC), a 'community of practice' focused on evaluating the impacts of the decentralization and devolution of forest governance in developing countries.
A government policy which encourages subsidies of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) stoves, or provides for households to buy these with credit, could reduce deforestation in Tanzania by nearly a half. This is according to research done by the Environment for Development centre (EfD) at the University of Dar es Salaam in 2016.
Having competitions between staff, appointing water-saving ‘champions’ in your office block, or recognising people for their efforts to use energy more sparingly: these are small but powerful ways that cities can encourage people to cut their water and electricity use. Now, behavioural economists at the University of Cape Town’s Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU) are about to embark on a three-year collaboration with Cape Town’s utility managers, to see how they can implement these ideas across the city, and get them written into municipal policy.