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Difference in Preferences or Multiple Preference Orderings? Comparing Choices of Environmental Bureaucrats, Recreational Anglers, and the Public

Abstract Do Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) bureaucrats represent the general public or are they more in line with an interest group? We study preferences for environmental policy using a choice experiment (CE) on three populations; the general public, Swedish EPA bureaucrats, and recreational anglers. We also test for existence of multiple preference orderings: Half of the respondents were asked to choose the alternatives that best corresponded with their opinion, and the other half was asked to take the role of a policy-maker and make recommendations for environmental policy. The SEPA bureaucrats have the highest marginal willingness to pay (MWTP) to improve environmental quality. Differences in MWTP are robust and not due to differences in socio-economic characteristics across the populations. We only found weak evidence of multiple preference orderings.


Trade-off between benefits, distribution and employment in fisheries: An application to the artisanal fishery in common sardine and anchovy in the Bio-Bio Region

This research analyzes the effect(s) of the reallocation quota among fishermen organizations which are associated to Artisanal Extractive Regime (RAE), upon the benefit distribution of those organizations, and the possible relationship or connect among this benefit distribution, the maximum benefit and the employment. In order to achieve this objective, Generating Techniques were used, which emerge as a subset of Multi-objective Programming. The implementation is based on data about Chilean sardine and anchovy from Biobio region, Chile, for 2011.