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Energy

2014-01-30

Video lectures from PhD specialization courses available online

During the spring semester 2014, EfD Sweden will be publishing video recorded lectures from three PhD specialization courses held at University of Gothenburg, on the EfD website. This is the first lecture, given by Martin Persson, Assistant Professor at Physical Resource Theory, Department of Energy and Environment at Chalmers University of Technology.

2013-10-31

Ethiopia - The Emerging Power Hub

Ethiopia is becoming the emerging power hub in East Africa in hope of meeting its growing energy requirements and exporting its surplus to the region. Currently the country is using only about 3% of the total power capacity. This documentary reviews the status of the two major hydropower dam construction activities taking place in the country: the Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile and the Gibe III on the Omo River. Senior Research Fellow of EEPFE, Dr. Zenebe Gebreegziabher, was among the interviewed in this program which was aired several times on the national TV in Ethiopia.

2013-08-15

First EfD-Kenya annual workshop held in Nairobi

EfD-Kenya held its first Annual Workshop on August 7, 2013 at Fairview Hotel in Nairobi. The workshop brought together researchers, policy makers, academia and other stakeholders in the environment sector. The objective of the workshop was to discuss various research outputs generated from the studies being undertaken by the network associates, and to hear new research ideas.

2012-03-02

The first Energy Workshop held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Research on energy demand in developing countries is important for many reasons. The existing widespread use of solid energy sources (e.g. fuelwood, dung, charcoal, coal, leaves, twigs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in the developing world in general, has a number of environmental implications. Deforestation, disturbance in watersheds, indoor air pollution and loss of biodiversity are some to mention. On the other hand, climbing the “energy ladder” has implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, understanding the pattern of household energy demand and its implications on the environment is crucial to formulate appropriate energy policies that affect household welfare, local environment and climate change.

2012-02-24

The first Energy Workshop held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Research on energy demand in developing countries is important for many reasons. The existing widespread use of solid energy sources (e.g. fuelwood, dung, charcoal, coal, leaves, twigs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in the developing world in general, has a number of environmental implications. Deforestation, disturbance in watersheds, indoor air pollution and loss of biodiversity are some to mention. On the other hand, climbing the “energy ladder” has implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, understanding the pattern of household energy demand and its implications on the environment is crucial to formulate appropriate energy policies that affect household welfare, local environment and climate change.

2009-10-15

Distributional equity of fuel tax in Costa Rica

Perhaps current prices of fossil fuels are the reflection of the hurricane's eye passing through the global markets. Before exorbitant oil prices again steal all the attention, it is important to analyze our policies on public and private transport management in general. And in particular fuel tax policies, which is here discussed by Francisco Alpizar, Rebecca Osakwe and Allen Blackman.

2009-07-06

EfD researchers comments on fuel subsidies in Ghana

"If you really care about poverty you should subsidise the things the poor need the most - and that is surely not petrol", says Professor Thomas Sterner commenting the current policy debate on fuel subsidies in Ghana, in the newspaper Ghana´s Business and Financial Times. The comment builds on research in a number of different countries conducted by Professor Thomas Sterner to which Dr Robinson and Dr Akpalu are contributing. The research will result in a book.

2019-01-11

Power Outages, Productivity Cost and Willingness To Pay (WTP) for Reliable Electricity Supply

Tanzania has recently embarked on the industrialization agenda by 2025. Against this agenda, the contribution of efficient, reliable and quality power remains a significant indicator. The effect of unreliable power supply, outages and poor quality electricity is the major challenge which can jeopardize the industrialization strategy. Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) have been making significant contributions towards economic development of Tanzania. It is  estimated that Tanzania has about 3 million SMEs, which contribute to almost 27% of GDP and 23.4% of employment (URT, 2017).

2018-06-19

Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology

Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.

2018-04-29

    Energy and Development: A Systematic Review

    Energy has been called the “golden thread” connecting economic growth, social equity, and environmental sustainability—but what do we know about the drivers and impacts of energy transitions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)? To answer this question, the Sustainable Energy Tr

    2017-12-01

      Off-grid in Nepal: Heterogeneity in Electricity Services and Enterprise Development

      Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.

      2017-12-01

        Waste Not: Can Biogas Deliver Sustainable Development?

        Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.

        2017-12-01

          Incentives for increased use of clean cookstoves (Cambodia)

          We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.

          2017-12-01

            Prices, Peers, and Perceptions (P3)

            The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.

            2017-12-01

              The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia

              Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.

              2017-12-01

              Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology

              This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.

              2017-12-01

              Chinese Residential Energy Consumption Survey (CRECS)

              The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016.  The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.

              2017-12-01

              Shifting Households in China from Black Energy to Greener Energy

              As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.

              2017-12-01

                One-off Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Senegal

                This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options

                2017-07-28

                Characterization of energy use in Central America: households choices and opportunities to promote energy transition initiatives in low and middle-income countries

                While developed countries are increasing their reliance on renewable energy sources, low and middle-income countries maintain their energy matrix on conventional fuels and natural resources, increasing their energy dependency and unsustainable use of natural resources to respond to a growing population and emerging economy.

                2017-02-27

                Air quality and household welfare in Asian mega-cities

                The goal of this project is to generate evidence on households' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality in urban Asia. This evidence is both critically important and timely because numerous cities in Asia now have alarming levels of air pollution.

                2015-10-15

                Energy demand, choice and distributional effects of fuel taxes in Kenya

                The specific objectives of study include, a review of literature on energy demand, choice and distributional effects of energy fuel taxes in Kenya; examine the current demand for energy and determine the key drivers of consumption; evaluate how household make choice in energy consumption; estimate distributional effects of energy fuel taxes in Kenya and lastly provide 

                2015-03-20

                Social Learning, Gender, and Willingness-to-pay for Solar Lanterns

                This project is an attempt to better understand the effects of social networks on the diffusion and adoption of new technologies. In particular, we investigate if having friends or relative that had a chance to experience solar lanterns for their personal use increases an individual's willingness to pay for a solar lantern.

                2015-02-23

                Improving energy efficiency in Costa Rican households: the effect of pecuniary and non-pecuniary incentives in shaping the timing of consumption

                Reducing a country´s dependence on fossil fuels is central to mitigate climate change and to promote the use of cheaper energy sources. In Costa Rica most energy is generated using hydro-electrical plants, however the fact that energy consumption is lumped in peak hours forces the use of fossil fuel (mostly diesel and bunker) based electricity generation.

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