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70 million ZAR fund needed to address post-closure pollution from proposed mine

Within the unique wetland area Mpumalanga Lake District in South Africa lies the site of a proposed, and controversial, opencast coal mine, the Lusthof colliery. It will require a preliminary ‘set-aside’ of about 70 million South African rands (9 million USD) to fund maintenance of water quality in the area’s rivers and lakes for a hundred years after closure, EfD researcher shows. Such set-asides to meet mine closure costs are required by South Africa’s mining legislation. 


EfD contribution to Nature article

EfD Associate Paul Guthiga, Kenya, is one of the authors of an article that will be published in 13 September 2012 issue of Nature. The paper is titled “Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas”. It is a collaborative publication with many authors. Guthiga´s contribution arose from previous work on Kakamega forest in Kenya.


Park Pricing Workshop in Zimbabwe completed

Optimal park pricing can help achieve sustainable park management in eastern and southern Africa. The EfD center in South Africa, EPRU, co-hosted the second park pricing workshop in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, from 28 to 29 April 2011, together with Department of Economics at the University of Zimbabwe. It focused on an increasingly important sector with major values at stake due to irreversibilities of some types of biodiversity loss.


Understanding the tradeoffs between planned marine conservation policies and artisanal fishing in key coastal areas of Costa Rica

The projects objective is to identify local capabilities, assets, and activities that characterizes the livelihoods of small scale fishers in Costa Rica. A special attention will be given on how different regulations (external and internal) defining who, where, when, what, and how to fish might affect these livelihoods and the natural resource base.


Performance based payments for protecting turtles: understanding the conditions for its success

In one of the major nesting beaches (La Flor), the Nicaraguan government has made an effort to enforce the prohibition to harvest by defining a protected area patrolled by governmental officers, and the army. However the effectiveness of this policy is questioned, particularly because of the difficulties to exclude people from turtle’s habitat, and the scarce governmental budgets dedicated to the enforcement of these regulations. 


Household energy conservation in Kenya

Kenya is a rapidly growing country, with energy demands increasing annually. Over-reliance on biomass energy within households has resulted in adverse environmental effects. Forest cover has fallen to 6%, and as a result, water levels in rivers and dams have also fallen leading to an inconsistent electricity supply. This study seeks to explore energy conservation in Kenya using quantitative methods and an established data set.


Park pricing policy

Park pricing has been one of the major impediment to growth of the tourism sector in Kenya. Like other environmental resources and public goods, national parks benefit society in many different ways. They perform not only ecological functions but also provide recreational facilities and earn foreign exchange to the country.


Ecosystem Services Approach in Latin América: from theoretical promises to real applications.

Highlights Expected mainstreaming of the Ecosystem Services Approach (ESA) has not been fulfilled. Sectors involved in ESA and their relationships drive pathways of mainstreaming in Latin America. Incorporation of knowledge and consensus over values are key factors for mainstreaming. Researchers need to adopt new roles for an effective mainstreaming of ESA. Opportunities for new roles lay in the interfaces among sectors involved in ES management.