Alpízar, Francisco and Peter Martinsson. 2013. “Does It Matter if You Are Observed by Others? Evidence from Donations in the Field.” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 115:1: 74-83.
Download reference Doi:10.1111/j.1467-9442.2012.01744.x
In this article we investigate whether people's donations in the field are affected by the presence of others.
In the analysis, we distinguish between individuals who arrived at a national park alone and those who arrived as members of a group. We also investigated the effect of donations being made in the presence of a third party made in the presence of a third party. We find that donations are significantly more frequent for individuals who are members of a group. When a third party is present, we find that the total donations by individuals who are a part of a group are significantly higher than those of lone travelers, mainly because of the increased probability of donating.