Healthy forests in sub-Saharan Africa are an important source of wild pollinators, and thus support agricultural productivity and food security in the region, a conference in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, heard this November.
Academic research made a real connection with the lives of poor residents of Nairobi, Kenya, when the Nairobi City Water and Sewer Company’s decreased the price for water bought at public kiosks.
The EfD Network proudly presents the new audiovisual production: “The Ecosystem Services Accounting for Development Program (ESAforD)” we encourage all our network to watch and enjoy the video!
The award-winning paper by Fuente et al. (2016) is a product of collaboration between EfD and Nairobi City Water and Sewer Company. It uses data on household socioeconomic status and metered water use in order to evaluate the distributional incidence of subsidies delivered through the water tariff in Nairobi.
The EfD research project: Short- and long-term effects of exogenously reducing water collection times on school attendance, hours studying and time use: Meru County, Kenya; involves an experiment to reduce water collection time in a rural area in Kenya. This reduction is an important form of "time poverty" alleviation.
SETI (http://seti.duke.edu/) invites concept notes to seed collaborative research related to energy transitions. We particularly welcome proposals for work related to the SETI priority themes, including: Consequences of energy poverty, defined as a lack of reliable access to electricity and other modern fuels Drivers of the energy transition in low- and middle-income contexts, including lessons from past experiences Impacts of energy transitions at various scales (households, firms, and the regional and global environment) Policy levers and solutions to speed the energy transition; and analysis of their effectiveness Notable gaps in research on energy transitions
Jane Mariara, Center director of EfD Kenya, has been appointed as Interim Executive Director of PEP (Partnership for Economic Policy). Prof. Mariara has been involved with PEP for many years and in a variety of roles, from researcher to resource person to deputy director, and most recently as member of the PMMA program committee.
The Environment for Development Kenya (EfD-Kenya) in collaboration with the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) held a Policy Research workshop at the La Mada Hotel on July 14th – 15th 2016. The objective of the workshop was to share and discuss proposals for 2017 funding and also finalize drafting of the Research Policy Review/Strategy for 2016-2020.
EfD Kenya in collaboration with the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis – (KIPPRA) held its Research Day on March 3rd 2016, at the Nairobi Safari Club, Nairobi.
EfD Kenya recently held it's 2015 Research Day on 26th February at Hillpark Hotel in Nairobi, Kenya. EfD Kenya and KIPPRA presented the organisations' ongoing research in the water, extractive minerals and climate change sectors.
EfD Kenya is looking for a researcher to participate in a three year research project in ecosystem service accounting. The project is a collaboration with the Environment for Development Centers (EfD) in Chile, Costa Rica, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Sweden as well as the World Bank and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). It is a full time assignment that will be ongoing until December 31, 2017.
The EfD center housed by the School of Economics, University of Nairobi on 27th October held a Water Policy Day to share and receive feedback on ongoing work on water issues in Kenya. Two EfD Kenya projects were presented. David Fuente, Kenan Fellow and PhD student, University of North Carolina, presented preliminary findings from the Increasing Block Tariffs and Subsidy Incidence project.
"This very readable book on Forest Tenure Reform in Asia and Africa looks at different countries’ strategies to use tenure innovations to manage forest resources. An especially interesting contribution is the comparison of China’s privatization of forest rights to the community-based forestry management approach in other developing countries," says Peter Berck, Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy, S.J. Hall Professor of Forestry, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
The Environment for Development (EfD) housed by the School of Economics University of Nairobi on Monday 27th October held a Water Policy Day at the Sarova Panafric Hotel Nairobi to share and receive feedback on ongoing work on water issues in Kenya.
New deadline for EfD's 2015 proposal submission is June 1, 2014. All proposals must be presented in the respective EfD Center Workshops before submission.
EfD-Kenya held its first Annual Workshop on August 7, 2013 at Fairview Hotel in Nairobi. The workshop brought together researchers, policy makers, academia and other stakeholders in the environment sector. The objective of the workshop was to discuss various research outputs generated from the studies being undertaken by the network associates, and to hear new research ideas.
EFD Kenya holds a one-day meeting on research and policy interaction as part of EfD’s annual cross-country visit to the EfD centres around the world.
On December 12 and 13 the EfD holds a workshop on collaborative water sector research in Kenya. EfD researchers from Kenya, USA, and Sweden will meet in Gothenburg, Sweden to discuss recent reforms in the Kenyan water sector and take stock of the research needs in order to plan for future EfD research in the Kenyan water sector - and beyond.
September 6-11, 2012 EfD-Kenya implemented an IDRC-funded (International Development Research Centre) workshop on Economic Analysis of Adaptation Options to Climate Change.
The EfD organized and offered the first summer course on “Panel Data Econometrics” at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Mekelle University, Ethiopia in July 2012.
EfD Associate Paul Guthiga, Kenya, is one of the authors of an article that will be published in 13 September 2012 issue of Nature. The paper is titled “Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas”. It is a collaborative publication with many authors. Guthiga´s contribution arose from previous work on Kakamega forest in Kenya.
Flower production around Lake Naivasha and its role in attaining inclusive and sustainable growth: EfD Kenya researchers Dr. Wilfred Nyangena and Geophrey Sikei are contributing to the European Report on Development 2011/2012. In a context of increasing scarcity and climate change, they studied effective natural resource management for inclusive and sustainable growth. Their case study is about flower production around the Lake Naivasha basin, where water, energy, and land resources are increasingly interdependent and under considerable environmental pressures.
Research on energy demand in developing countries is important for many reasons. The existing widespread use of solid energy sources (e.g. fuelwood, dung, charcoal, coal, leaves, twigs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in the developing world in general, has a number of environmental implications. Deforestation, disturbance in watersheds, indoor air pollution and loss of biodiversity are some to mention. On the other hand, climbing the “energy ladder” has implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, understanding the pattern of household energy demand and its implications on the environment is crucial to formulate appropriate energy policies that affect household welfare, local environment and climate change.
Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan African countries. In this regard, adaptation mechanisms to climate change play a paramount role in reducing the impact on agricultural productivity and food security. With this motivation, the EfD-EEU in Gothenburg, hosted a first collaborative research workshop on the theme “adaptation to climate change in African agriculture” in Gothenburg, Sweden, February 9-10, 2012.
Fuel Taxes and the Poor challenges the conventional wisdom that gasoline taxation, an important and much-debated instrument of climate policy, has a disproportionately detrimental effect on poor people.
Press release in connection with EfD Policy Day Arusha, Tanzania, 27 October 2011
A half day workshop was organized by EfD in Washington DC on April 21, 2011. Recent developments in forest management institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania were presented. EfD-Ethiopia coordinator, Dr. Alemu Mekonnen presented a paper on Household Forest Values under Varying Management Regimes in Ethiopia.
The Environment for Development initiative arranged a Forest Tenure Impact Evaluation Workshop on April 21, in connection to the World Bank’s annual conference on land and poverty in Washington D.C. on April 18-20. Recent developments in forest management institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania were reviewed during this workshop, and a potential impact evaluation program for forest tenure reform in East Africa was discussed. The workshop was held on Thursday April 21 and was open for all conference participants.
EfD Kenya notes in its commissioned report for World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) that environmental issues are recognized as important at very high levels of planning in Kenya. Still, the environment-poverty reduction nexus has not received its due attention in terms of policy prioritization, money allocation, political and civil society support, and actual implementation.
"EfD gave me a smooth transition to my home country after my studies in Europe", says Paul Maina Guthiga, research fellow of EfD in Kenya. He is currently focusing on the anticipated economics impacts of implementing Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) mitigation scheme, as well as ongoing forest reforms in Kenya.
Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation
The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.
Short- and long-term effects of exogenously reducing water collection times on school attendance, hours studying and time use: Meru County, Kenya
This research project aims to increase the evidence base for socioeconomic impacts of bringing water points closer to homes and reducing water collection times. This reduction is an important form of "time poverty" alleviation. If the the hypothesis is correct, the research results will be timely to policy makers and the broader water supply sector as water quality and treatment of waterborne diseases will improve.
The specific objectives of study include, a review of literature on energy demand, choice and distributional effects of energy fuel taxes in Kenya; examine the current demand for energy and determine the key drivers of consumption; evaluate how household make choice in energy consumption; estimate distributional effects of energy fuel taxes in Kenya and lastly provide
Using a blend of qualitative and quantitative approaches, this study aims at determining the perception of households about the level of pollution in the lake and the sources of pollution. It will also use a multi-criteria decision analysis to arrive at optimal solutions to the problem, and a discrete choice model to determine the predictors of investment in environmental conservation by households within the lake catchment to inform policy.
The goal of this study is to support poverty reduction through assessing the linkages between climate change, adaptation and food security; and propose probable policy recommendations to improve food security in face in climate change.
The goal of this research is to explore co-management in the forest and water resources in Kenya and how extent to which it contributes to sustainable resource management.
Influence of climatic factors and climate change adaptation strategies on farm productive efficiency in Kenya
The goal of this study is to support poverty reduction through assessing farm level efficiency in a changing climate and the impact of climatic factors and climate change adaptation strategies on farm productive efficiency in different parts of Kenya. The study will also propose probable policy recommendations to improve productive efficiency and climate change adaptation strategies.
This project seeks to provide policy makers information that can improve water pricing and enhance the planning and delivery of water and sanitation services. As a result, this project will advance two of EfD’s core objectives – poverty alleviation and environmental sustainability.
In Kenya we are carrying out a series of water related projects. In one project we study the Nairobi Water Company that is considering a water tariff reform. Another study is on rural water source choice and the main objective of this research is to generate information that can inform the evolution of improved water management policies in Kenya.
Despite the centrality of African parks and other protected areas to nature-based tourism, they capture only a fraction of its value. For this reason, national parks and other protected areas have mostly relied on fiscal transfers from the state to fund their conservation activities.
In 2010, EfD-Kenya embarked on a pilot study analyzing the effects of forest devolution in Kenya with a specific focus on Kakamega forest. In particular the research focuses on the formation of Community Forest Associations (CFA) that are expected to manage forests after Kenya’s recent devolution process.
The Government of Kenya has been implementing wide-ranging reforms in the water sector in accordance with the Water Act of 2002. This study’s objective is to set the stage for long-term rigorous research in Kenya’s water sector by evaluating the performance of reforms in the sector.
In Kenya, every citizen has a right to water, and the National Water Strategy commits to ensuring that the formal water supply system is accessible to everyone. However millions of Kenyans still don't have adequate access to clean, safe water and rural areas suffer the brunt of this lack of access. This project will explore household water sourcing and sanitation behavior using primary data collected from carefully selected Kenyan sites that optimize on water source and sanitation options.
Climate change poses a serious challenge to Kenya’s socioeconomic development as the key drivers of its economy – including agriculture, forestry and fisheries among others – are affected by climate change. This study will address various issues including how climate variability has affected food security in Kenya, the vulnerability of different populations in Kenya and the key policy options for mitigating the effect of climate variability on food security and vulnerability.
Kenya is a rapidly growing country, with energy demands increasing annually. Over-reliance on biomass energy within households has resulted in adverse environmental effects. Forest cover has fallen to 6%, and as a result, water levels in rivers and dams have also fallen leading to an inconsistent electricity supply. This study seeks to explore energy conservation in Kenya using quantitative methods and an established data set.