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Chile

2015-01-28

Chilean National Commission of Lithium submitted final report

The "National Commission of Lithium" ("Comisión Nacional del Litio", by its name in Spanish), which included among its members NENRE-Concepcion researcher Carlos Chávez, submitted the final report to the Chilean Government. The Commission had as objective to propose to the Chilean Government a public policy for the exploitation of Lithium in Chile.

2015-01-06

NENRE renewed support from the Chilean Government

Membership of a well-reputed international environmental economics research and capacity building network such as the EfD initiative was among the criteria when the Chilean EfD Center, the Research Nucleus on Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (NENRE) was granted another 3 years round of funding (2015-2017) by the Millennium Social Sciences Initiative, from the Ministry of Economics, Promotion and Tourism, of the Government of Chile.

2014-03-21

Course on Impact Evaluation to Policy Makers

On March 20, 2014, our center organized a short course on Impact Evaluation for Natural Resource and Environmental Programs designed for policy makers in Chile. The aim was to explain basic concepts of the impact evaluation methodology and show some examples of these methods in the area.

2014-01-17

Professor James Murphy taught a course in Concepcion

Professor James Murphy from Department of Economics in College of Business and Public Policy at University of Alaska-Anchorage visit our center in January 2014 to continue the research collaboration with Professor Carlos Chávez in field experiments with fishermen.

2013-10-30

Stove Exchange Program in Temuco

The Nucleus on Environmental and Resource Economics (NENRE) at Concepción has developed a strong line of research on the problem of using economic incentives for controlling air pollution in the urban areas of central-southern Chile.

2013-10-30

New Project on Artisanal Fishery in Chile

The EfD center in Chile, Research Nucleus on Environmental and Natural Resource Economics – Universidad de Concepción, is currently developing a research project on the Artisanal Sardine and Anchovies fishery in Central Southern Chile for the Undersecretary of Fisheries and Aquaculture (Regulatory Fisheries Authority in Chile).

2013-10-29

Hunter Lenihan in Concepción

Professor Hunter Lenihan from the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB), visited the EfD Center at Concepcion. Professor Lenihan is a Marine Ecologist that has extensive experience working on marine ecological restoration projects and aquaculture in California, North Carolina and the French Polynesia.

2013-06-28

Welcoming three new EfD centers

The ambition to make EfD a truly global network of research centers devoted to the application of environmental economics for development is now being acted upon. The Coordination Committee of the EfD Initiative welcomed three new centers as EfD members.

2019-01-10

Willingness to pay for reducing mortality risk caused by air pollution in urban areas

Urban air pollution affects especially children and the elderly and caused 9 million of deaths at the global scale in 2015, exceeding obesity and road accidents. The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health stated that "despite of the significant effect on human health, the economy and the environment, pollution has been neglected, especially in low income and middle-income countries (L&MIC)”. Many L&MIC have used methods that potentially underestimate the economic cost of pollution.

2018-06-19

Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology

Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.

2017-12-01

Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology

This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.

2014-03-01

Field Experiments on Cooperative Management of Local Common Resources

This project will use the tools of experimental economics to study behavioral issues related to both the protection of a common-pool resource from poaching by outsiders, and the enforcement of rules and norms to maintain compliance within a group.  The experiments are motivated by the Chilean abalone (loco) fishery and will be conducted in the field with members of local artisanal fishing

2013-05-28

Evaluación Socio-Económica de la Aplicación de Medidas de Administración Sobre la Pesquería Mixta de Pequeños Pelágicos de la Zona Centro Sur

El Departamento de Análisis Sectorial (DAS) de la Subsecretaría de Pesca, Gobierno de Chile, licitó un estudio con el propósito de evaluar, desde un punto de vista socioeconómico, los efectos de la aplicación de medidas de administración sobre la pesquería de peces pequeños pelágicos de la Zona Centro – Sur. Este proyecto fue adjudicado por la Universidad de Concepción.

2009-03-01

Who should pay the enforcement costs of environmental and natural resource management policies?

Implementation and management of an ITQ fishery involves significant and costly administrative activities.  These activities include formulating and implementing policy rules, monitoring and enforcement to deter illegal behavior, and economic and marine research.  In this project we construct a model of a competitive ITQ system to analyze how the distribution of administrative costs b

2019-07-08

Linking Social Preferences and Ocean Acidification Impacts in Mussel Aquaculture

Ocean Acidification (OA) has become one of the most studied global stressors in marine science worldwide during the last fifteen years. Despite the variety of studies on the biological effects of OA with marine commercial species, estimations of these impacts over consumers’ preferences have not been studied in detail, compromising our ability to undertake an assessment of some market and economic impacts resulting from OA at local scales. Here, we use a novel and interdisciplinary approach to fill this gap.

2019-06-11

Salmon farming vulnerability to climate change in southern Chile: understanding the biophysical, socioeconomic and governance links

Here we describe an assessment of climate-change vulnerability for the salmon farming sector in southern Chile using a model that combines semi-quantitative measures of Exposure (risks), Sensitivity (economic and social dependence), and Adaptation Capacity (measures that prevent and mitigate impacts).  The evaluation was carried out in 8 pilot communes representative of salmon production (marine grow-out).

2019-06-10

Impact of Caligus Treatments on Unit Costs of Heterogenous Salmon Farms in Chile

We measure the impact that sanitary treatments that control ectoparasite Caligus rogercresseyi abundance have on unit production costs of Salmo salar farms in Chile. We follow complete production cycles for a sample of farms between 2009 and 2015. We estimate a simultaneous salmon biomass growth and Caligus abundance model. The statistical analysis determines the effect of antiparasitic treatments, location of farms, environmental conditions and Caligus abundance on the salmon growth profile.

2019-06-10

Pending Issues and Challenges of Salmon Farming in Chile: A Socioeconomic Perspective

We identify and discuss the main problems and challenges in sustainable development faced by the salmon farming industry in Chile from a socio‐economic perspective. This perspective is broad, in that it includes how the industry interacts with society and the environment, but also limited, in that it only assesses the impact on different social groups and economic agents. First, we present a brief description of the structure and socio‐economic relevance of salmon farming in the country.

2019-06-09

Co-management of small-scale fisheries and ecosystem service

Marine ecosystem services are in global decline which requires new transformational changes in governance to cope with multiple anthropogenic stressors. We review the biodiversity and ecosystem services outcomes of a governance transformation towards comanagement through the allocation of territorial user rights to artisanal fisher associations (TURFs). Through a systematic review we synthesize the implications of more than 25 years of establishing a TURFs policy over ecosystem services in Chile.

2019-06-09

Exploring Dual Discount Rates for Ecosystem Services: Evidence from a Marine Protected Area Network

This paper presents a joint estimation of willingness to pay for conservation activities aimed to preserve the flow of ecosystem services provided by a marine protected area network and respondents´ personal discount rate using a contingent valuation survey. It contributes to the literature on identifying people´s discount rates moving beyond the use of the exponential schemes, to include a hyperbolic discount rate through variations in the timing and duration of the provision of public goods.

2019-06-09

Implications of climate change for semi-arid dualistic agriculture: a case study in Central Chile

The nexus between climate change, agriculture, and poverty has become a major topic of concern, especially for dry regions, which represent a large share of the world’s population and ecosystems vulnerable to climate change. In spite of this, to date, few studies have examined the impacts of climate change on agriculture and the adaptation strategies of vulnerable farmers from emerging semi-arid regions with dualist agriculture, in which subsistence farms coexist with commercial farms.

2018-10-31

Weather Shocks and Spatial Market Efficiency: Evidence from Mozambique

The aim of this paper is to study the association between weather shocks (droughts and floods) and agricultural market performance in Mozambique. To do so, we employ a dyadic regression analysis on monthly maize prices, transport costs, and spatial identification of markets as well as droughts and flooded areas. Our estimates show that, while a drought reduces price differences between markets, price dispersion increases during flood periods, an effect that is mainly driven by increases in transport costs.

2018-09-25

Direct and Spillover Effects of a Social Information Campaign on Residential Water-Savings

This paper investigates direct and spillover effects of a social information campaign aimed at encouraging residential water savings in Colombia. The campaign was organized as a randomized field experiment, consisting of monthly delivery of consumption reports, including normative messages, for one year. Results indicate that social information and appeals to norm-based behavior reduce water use by up to 6.8% in households directly targeted by the campaign.

2018-07-30

The impact of infrastructure shocks on agricultural markets. Evidence from the Zambezi river in Mozambique

Prior to 2009, there was no direct road connection between the southern regions of Mozambique—where the capital city is located—and the more agriculturally-productive central and northern regions. In this paper, we leverage the opening of a major road bridge to identify the impact of enhanced domestic transport infrastructure on agricultural market performance. We apply a generalized difference-in-difference estimator within a dyadic regression context.

2018-07-28

Managing and Defending the Commons: Experimental Evidence from TURFs in Chile

This work presents the results of framed field experiments designed to study the joint problem of managing harvests from a common pool resource and protecting the resource from poaching. The experiments were conducted both in the field with TURF users and in the lab with university students. Our study has two objectives. First, we designed our experiments to study the effects of poaching on the ability of common pool resource users to coordinate their harvests when encroachment by outsiders is unrestricted and when the government provides weak enforcement.

2018-06-25

EfD Stories Chile- 2017

Economists review Chile’s seaweed farming subsidy policy by Miguel Quiroga The high cost of starting up seaweed cultivation projects along the Chilean coastline is the main hurdle to the aquaculture industry restoring areas where this key marine resource has been heavily harvested. The productivity of farmed seaweed areas also varies greatly between aquaculture sites, which further threatens the financial viability of projects that are geared towards shoring up coastal livelihoods and supporting marine conservation.

2018-06-25

Stakeholder perceptions of enhancement opportunities in the Chilean small and medium scale mussel aquaculture industry

The Chilean mussel aquaculture industry is a prime example of a thriving industry.  However, the industry growth rate, aquaculture concessions and market prices have stabilized signaling a shift in the industry from exponential growth to, if handled correctly, economic stability.  Here we used perception research, an efficient tool to inform on the implementation of management strategies, to provide policy makers with the tools necessary for the development of strategies that will aid in the sustainability of the industry through its current shift.  We assessed the perception

2018-06-25

Functional forms and price elasticities in a discrete continuous choice model of the residential water demand

During recent decades, water demand estimation has gained considerable attention from scholars.  From an econometric perspective, the most used functional forms include log-log and linear specifications.  Despite the advances in this field and the relevance for policymaking, little attention has been paid to the functional forms used in these estimations, and most authors have not provided justifications for their selection of functional forms.  A discrete continuous choice model of the residential water demand is estimated using six functional forms (log-log, full-log, log q

2018-06-25

Distributional impacts of climate change on basin communities: an integrated modeling approach.

Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable economic sectors to the impacts of climate change, specifically those related with expected changes in water availability.  By using a hydro-economic model, this study assesses the distributional impacts of climate change, considering the geographical location of each farmer’s community and the spatial allocation of water resources at basin scale.  A hydrological model, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool model, describes the basin hydrology, while farmers’ economic responses are represented using a non-linear agricultural supply model.&nbs

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