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Chile

2014-01-17

Professor James Murphy taught a course in Concepcion

Professor James Murphy from Department of Economics in College of Business and Public Policy at University of Alaska-Anchorage visit our center in January 2014 to continue the research collaboration with Professor Carlos Chávez in field experiments with fishermen.

2013-10-30

Stove Exchange Program in Temuco

The Nucleus on Environmental and Resource Economics (NENRE) at Concepción has developed a strong line of research on the problem of using economic incentives for controlling air pollution in the urban areas of central-southern Chile.

2013-10-30

New Project on Artisanal Fishery in Chile

The EfD center in Chile, Research Nucleus on Environmental and Natural Resource Economics – Universidad de Concepción, is currently developing a research project on the Artisanal Sardine and Anchovies fishery in Central Southern Chile for the Undersecretary of Fisheries and Aquaculture (Regulatory Fisheries Authority in Chile).

2013-10-29

Hunter Lenihan in Concepción

Professor Hunter Lenihan from the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB), visited the EfD Center at Concepcion. Professor Lenihan is a Marine Ecologist that has extensive experience working on marine ecological restoration projects and aquaculture in California, North Carolina and the French Polynesia.

2013-06-28

Welcoming three new EfD centers

The ambition to make EfD a truly global network of research centers devoted to the application of environmental economics for development is now being acted upon. The Coordination Committee of the EfD Initiative welcomed three new centers as EfD members.

2018-06-19

Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology

Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.

2017-12-01

Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology

This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.

2014-03-01

Field Experiments on Cooperative Management of Local Common Resources

This project will use the tools of experimental economics to study behavioral issues related to both the protection of a common-pool resource from poaching by outsiders, and the enforcement of rules and norms to maintain compliance within a group.  The experiments are motivated by the Chilean abalone (loco) fishery and will be conducted in the field with members of local artisanal fishing

2013-05-28

Evaluación Socio-Económica de la Aplicación de Medidas de Administración Sobre la Pesquería Mixta de Pequeños Pelágicos de la Zona Centro Sur

El Departamento de Análisis Sectorial (DAS) de la Subsecretaría de Pesca, Gobierno de Chile, licitó un estudio con el propósito de evaluar, desde un punto de vista socioeconómico, los efectos de la aplicación de medidas de administración sobre la pesquería de peces pequeños pelágicos de la Zona Centro – Sur. Este proyecto fue adjudicado por la Universidad de Concepción.

2009-03-01

Who should pay the enforcement costs of environmental and natural resource management policies?

Implementation and management of an ITQ fishery involves significant and costly administrative activities.  These activities include formulating and implementing policy rules, monitoring and enforcement to deter illegal behavior, and economic and marine research.  In this project we construct a model of a competitive ITQ system to analyze how the distribution of administrative costs b

2018-07-30

The impact of infrastructure shocks on agricultural markets. Evidence from the Zambezi river in Mozambique

Prior to 2009, there was no direct road connection between the southern regions of Mozambique—where the capital city is located—and the more agriculturally-productive central and northern regions. In this paper, we leverage the opening of a major road bridge to identify the impact of enhanced domestic transport infrastructure on agricultural market performance. We apply a generalized difference-in-difference estimator within a dyadic regression context.

2018-07-28

Managing and Defending the Commons: Experimental Evidence from TURFs in Chile

This work presents the results of framed field experiments designed to study the joint problem of managing harvests from a common pool resource and protecting the resource from poaching. The experiments were conducted both in the field with TURF users and in the lab with university students. Our study has two objectives. First, we designed our experiments to study the effects of poaching on the ability of common pool resource users to coordinate their harvests when encroachment by outsiders is unrestricted and when the government provides weak enforcement.

2018-06-25

EfD Stories Chile- 2017

Economists review Chile’s seaweed farming subsidy policy by Miguel Quiroga The high cost of starting up seaweed cultivation projects along the Chilean coastline is the main hurdle to the aquaculture industry restoring areas where this key marine resource has been heavily harvested. The productivity of farmed seaweed areas also varies greatly between aquaculture sites, which further threatens the financial viability of projects that are geared towards shoring up coastal livelihoods and supporting marine conservation.

2018-06-25

Stakeholder perceptions of enhancement opportunities in the Chilean small and medium scale mussel aquaculture industry

The Chilean mussel aquaculture industry is a prime example of a thriving industry.  However, the industry growth rate, aquaculture concessions and market prices have stabilized signaling a shift in the industry from exponential growth to, if handled correctly, economic stability.  Here we used perception research, an efficient tool to inform on the implementation of management strategies, to provide policy makers with the tools necessary for the development of strategies that will aid in the sustainability of the industry through its current shift.  We assessed the perception

2018-06-25

Functional forms and price elasticities in a discrete continuous choice model of the residential water demand

During recent decades, water demand estimation has gained considerable attention from scholars.  From an econometric perspective, the most used functional forms include log-log and linear specifications.  Despite the advances in this field and the relevance for policymaking, little attention has been paid to the functional forms used in these estimations, and most authors have not provided justifications for their selection of functional forms.  A discrete continuous choice model of the residential water demand is estimated using six functional forms (log-log, full-log, log q

2018-06-25

Distributional impacts of climate change on basin communities: an integrated modeling approach.

Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable economic sectors to the impacts of climate change, specifically those related with expected changes in water availability.  By using a hydro-economic model, this study assesses the distributional impacts of climate change, considering the geographical location of each farmer’s community and the spatial allocation of water resources at basin scale.  A hydrological model, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool model, describes the basin hydrology, while farmers’ economic responses are represented using a non-linear agricultural supply model.&nbs

2018-06-24

Valuing a water recreation facility using semi parametric estimators in the travel cost method

The goal of this research is to estimate, using semi parametric (SNP) techniques, the recreational benefits related to one strategic ecosystem of high moors in Colombia. This technique was used during the travel cost method estimation process due to its flexibility. The chosen SNP technique corresponded to the Fourier flexible form, adjusting a Poisson model, such that the truncation and endogenous stratification biases in the data base could be taken into account.

2018-06-24

Production risk and adoption of irrigation technology: evidence from small-scale farmers in Chile

In most developing countries non-irrigation status often dominates adoption of traditional and modern irrigation technology. In this paper, we study the effect of production risk on irrigation technology choice among small-scale farmers in Chile, applying sample selection and discrete choice models. We find that more educated farmers, with credit access, receiving extension services, and living in communes with more adopters are more likely to use modern irrigation techniques.

2018-06-24

Weather shocks and cropland decisions in rural Mozambique

Economic development in low income settings is often associated with an expansion of higher-value agricultural activities. Since these activities often bring new risks, an understanding of cropland decisions and how these interact with shocks is valuable. This paper uses data from Mozambique to examine the effect of weather shocks on cropland decisions. We account for the bounded nature of land shares and estimate a Pooled Fractional Probit model for panel data. Our results show that crop choice is sensitive to past

2018-06-24

Share Contract Choices and Economic Performance: Empirical Evidence from the Artisanal Fisheries Sector in Chile

Typically, crew members in fisheries are remunerated through a share of the total revenues. However, there is little empirical evidence on the mechanisms by which revenues are distributed to labor and capital, and how these distributions affect economic performance. Under an agency problem framework, we estimate a dose-response function to study the formation of contracts and identify the marginal effects of changes in crew profit shares on fishing returns in Chilean artisanal fisheries. The results support share contract choices

2018-06-19

¿Ha contribuido el desarrollo de la salmonicultura en la Región de Los Lagos a la reducción de la pobreza rural? Una mirada empírica desde ingreso

We analyze if poorest people in rural localities of Región de Los Lagos, Chile have benefited in terms of poverty alleviation with salmon farms establishment within 1992-2002 period.  In order to assess the impact of this event on poverty, we compare areas with and without salmon farms.  We calculate poverty rates through small area estimation models at household level and we approach through differences in differences.  Our findings suggest, that poverty decreased more in localities with salmon farms than in those who do not.  We also identify geographic distances, betw

2018-06-19

Exploring typologies of artisanal mussel seed producers in southern Chile

Aquaculture is on the most dynamic food production systems in the world, with a fast expansion, especially in developing countries.  Among this sector, the Chilean mussel industry has experienced a substantial increase, turning Chile into one of the leading producers and global exporters of mussels.  Among the different links in the mussel production chain, the natural seed collection conducted by artisanal fishers of southern Chile has been a fundamental pillar for the development of the industry.  Often, this sub-sector  has been thought of as a  homogeneous group

2018-06-19

The Impact of Caligus Treatments on Unit Costs of Heterogeneous Salmon Farms in Chile

We measure the impact that sanitary treatments that control ectoparasite Caligus rogercresseyi abundance have on unit production costs of Salmo salar farms in Chile. We follow complete production cycles for a sample of farms between 2009 and 2015. We estimate a simultaneous salmon biomass growth and Caligus abundance model. The statistical analysis determines the effect of antiparasitic treatments, location of farms, environmental conditions, and Caligus abundance on the salmon growth profile.

2017-08-23

Interaction between Crop Insurance and Technology Adoption Decisions:The Case of Wheat Farmers in Chile

This paper examines relationships between crop insurance participation and input technology decisions among Chilean wheat farmers. Using nation-wide farm-level data from the National Agriculture and Forestry Census (INE 2007) a bivariate probit model is estimated. In this regard, we investigate the extent to which the adoption of certain production input technologies is associated with the participation of farmers in the state-promoted agriculture climate risk insurance program.

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